High expression of VAT1 is a prognostic biomarker and predicts malignancy in glioblastoma

  • Authors:
    • Xia Shan
    • Kuanyu Wang
    • Xuezhi Tong
    • Zhiliang Wang
    • Fan Wu
    • Xing Liu
    • Pei Yang
    • Jiangfei Wang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: August 12, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2019.7276
  • Pages: 1422-1430
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Abstract

Vesicle amine transport protein 1 (VAT1) has been reported as a pathogenic factor in a variety of tumors. VAT1 has been revealed to be upregulated in glioblastoma (GBM) and promotes cell migration. However, the possible mechanism of VAT1 in promoting malignant development in GBM is unclear. The present study applied transcriptome data and functional experiments to explore the exact role of VAT1. Kaplan‑Meier survival analysis, univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were used to perform survival analysis. Furthermore, Gene Ontology analysis was used to analyze the biological implication of VAT1 expression. The in vitro experiment was performed to verify the hypothesis. The expression of VAT1 was detected in gliomas and control tissues. A functional experiment was performed and the sensitivity to TMZ was assessed after knocking down the expression of VAT1. In total, 120 patients with GBM were enrolled in the present study. The results of multivariate analysis revealed that VAT1 was an independent prognostic factor for survival. Patients with high VAT1 expression levels had shorter overall survival (P=0.009) and progression‑free survival (P=0.055) than those with low expression levels. Gene Ontology analysis revealed that the genes which were positively associated with VAT1 were functionally involved in proteolysis, oxidation‑reduction processes and immune response. The results of functional experiments demonstrated that VAT1 exhibited high expression levels in GBM, which could be inhibited by microRNA‑218. Upon VAT1 knockdown, cell proliferation and migration were markedly suppressed, while the sensitivity toward temozolomide chemotherapy was enhanced. Thus, VAT1 expression was revealed to be a prognostic factor for GBM. High expression of VAT1 may promote cell proliferation, migration and temozolomide chemotherapy‑resistance, which may be a potential therapeutic target for GBM.
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October 2019
Volume 42 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1021-335X
Online ISSN:1791-2431

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APA
Shan, X., Wang, K., Tong, X., Wang, Z., Wu, F., Liu, X. ... Wang, J. (2019). High expression of VAT1 is a prognostic biomarker and predicts malignancy in glioblastoma. Oncology Reports, 42, 1422-1430. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2019.7276
MLA
Shan, X., Wang, K., Tong, X., Wang, Z., Wu, F., Liu, X., Yang, P., Wang, J."High expression of VAT1 is a prognostic biomarker and predicts malignancy in glioblastoma". Oncology Reports 42.4 (2019): 1422-1430.
Chicago
Shan, X., Wang, K., Tong, X., Wang, Z., Wu, F., Liu, X., Yang, P., Wang, J."High expression of VAT1 is a prognostic biomarker and predicts malignancy in glioblastoma". Oncology Reports 42, no. 4 (2019): 1422-1430. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2019.7276