Open Access

β2‑adrenergic receptor signaling promotes neuroblastoma cell proliferation by activating autophagy

  • Authors:
    • Jing Deng
    • Ping Jiang
    • Tianyou Yang
    • Mao Huang
    • Jinye Xie
    • Chuanghua Luo
    • Weiwei Qi
    • Ti Zhou
    • Zhonghan Yang
    • Yan Zou
    • Guoquan Gao
    • Xia Yang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: August 6, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2019.7266
  • Pages: 1295-1306
  • Copyright: © Deng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Accumulating evidence suggests the pivotal role of the sympathetic nervous system in the initiation and aggressive progression of tumors, whereas the role of β‑adrenergic receptor (β‑AR) signaling in neuroblastoma (NB) and the underlying regulatory mechanisms have not yet been well elucidated. In the present study, it was demonstrated that the expression of both β1‑AR and β2‑AR was significantly increased in clinical samples of NB compared with those of ganglioneuroma (GN) and ganglioneuroblastoma (GNB), and that β2‑AR is the key β‑adrenergic receptor responsible for NB cell growth. Further investigation showed that the expression levels of the autophagy markers LC3‑Ⅱ, beclin‑1 and unc‑51‑like autophagy kinase 1 (ULK1) were also elevated in NB, compared to the cases of GN and GNB. Moreover, β2‑AR expression was found to be positively associated with autophagy markers in the clinical NB specimens. Cellular functional assays demonstrated that β2‑AR activation promoted NB cell growth and activated the autophagy pathway. Pharmacological inhibition of autophagy with 3‑methyladenine abolished β2‑AR‑induced NB cell growth. Mechanistically, β2‑AR signaling triggers autophagy through CREB‑mediated ULK1 upregulation. In conclusion, the present study uncovered a novel regulatory mechanism of β2‑AR‑activated autophagy in NB cell growth and provides a novel potential therapeutic approach for treating NB by targeting autophagy and the β2‑AR pathway.

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October 2019
Volume 42 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1021-335X
Online ISSN:1791-2431

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APA
Deng, J., Jiang, P., Yang, T., Huang, M., Xie, J., Luo, C. ... Yang, X. (2019). β2‑adrenergic receptor signaling promotes neuroblastoma cell proliferation by activating autophagy. Oncology Reports, 42, 1295-1306. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2019.7266
MLA
Deng, J., Jiang, P., Yang, T., Huang, M., Xie, J., Luo, C., Qi, W., Zhou, T., Yang, Z., Zou, Y., Gao, G., Yang, X."β2‑adrenergic receptor signaling promotes neuroblastoma cell proliferation by activating autophagy". Oncology Reports 42.4 (2019): 1295-1306.
Chicago
Deng, J., Jiang, P., Yang, T., Huang, M., Xie, J., Luo, C., Qi, W., Zhou, T., Yang, Z., Zou, Y., Gao, G., Yang, X."β2‑adrenergic receptor signaling promotes neuroblastoma cell proliferation by activating autophagy". Oncology Reports 42, no. 4 (2019): 1295-1306. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2019.7266