Open Access

lncRNA MIR4435‑2HG promotes cancer cell migration and invasion in prostate carcinoma by upregulating TGF‑β1

  • Authors:
    • Hui Zhang
    • Hao Meng
    • Xiaona Huang
    • Wenting Tong
    • Xiaoxin Liang
    • Junlong Li
    • Changrong Zhang
    • Ming Chen
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: August 16, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.10757
  • Pages: 4016-4021
  • Copyright: © Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

The long noncoding (lnc) RNA MIR4435‑2HG is known to promote lung cancer; however, its role in prostate carcinoma (PCa) remains unknown. The aim of the current study was therefore to investigate the role of MIR4435‑2HG in PCa by detecting differential gene expression using quantitative PCR and ELISA kits. Furthermore, overexpression experiments were performed to analyze gene interactions and Transwell assays were used to analyze cell invasion and migration. The present study demonstrated that plasma levels of MIR4435‑2HG and transforming growth factor‑β1 (TGF‑β1) were significantly higher in patients with PCa compared with healthy controls. Furthermore, MIR4435‑2HG and TGF‑β1 plasma levels were positively correlated in patients with PCa, but not in healthy controls. The results from the follow‑up study suggested that MIR4435‑2HG was closely associated with patient survival. MIR4435‑2HG overexpression and treatment with TGF‑β1 promoted cancer cell invasion and migration. In addition, TGF‑β inhibitor attenuated the enhancing effects of MIR4435‑2HG overexpression on cell invasion and migration. MIR4435‑2HG overexpression led to upregulation of TGF‑β1 expression, whereas TGF‑β1 treatment had no effect on MIR4435‑2HG expression. These results suggested that MIR4435‑2HG may promote PCa by upregulating TGF‑β1.

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October 2019
Volume 18 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1792-1074
Online ISSN:1792-1082

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Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Zhang, H., Meng, H., Huang, X., Tong, W., Liang, X., Li, J. ... Chen, M. (2019). lncRNA MIR4435‑2HG promotes cancer cell migration and invasion in prostate carcinoma by upregulating TGF‑β1. Oncology Letters, 18, 4016-4021. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.10757
MLA
Zhang, H., Meng, H., Huang, X., Tong, W., Liang, X., Li, J., Zhang, C., Chen, M."lncRNA MIR4435‑2HG promotes cancer cell migration and invasion in prostate carcinoma by upregulating TGF‑β1". Oncology Letters 18.4 (2019): 4016-4021.
Chicago
Zhang, H., Meng, H., Huang, X., Tong, W., Liang, X., Li, J., Zhang, C., Chen, M."lncRNA MIR4435‑2HG promotes cancer cell migration and invasion in prostate carcinoma by upregulating TGF‑β1". Oncology Letters 18, no. 4 (2019): 4016-4021. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.10757