Open Access

Prospective applications of microRNAs in oral cancer (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Chuan Fang
    • Yadong Li
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: August 16, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.10751
  • Pages: 3974-3984
  • Copyright: © Fang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

Metrics: Total Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )


Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non‑coding RNA molecules that are generally encoded by endogenous genes and exert suppressive effects on post‑transcriptional regulation of their target genes by translation repression or degradation of mRNA. This subsequently mediates activation or blocking of downstream signaling pathways associated with oral malignancies. Aberrant levels of certain miRNAs have been identified in cell experiments, clinical carcinomatous specimens, saliva, serum or plasma samples of patients with oral malignancies. miRNAs are associated with multiple aspects of oral cancer, including tumor growth, cellular proliferation, apoptosis, migration, invasion, metastasis, glycometabolism, radiosensitivity and chemosensitivity. miRNAs have the potential to be used in clinical applications as minimally invasive or non‑invasive tools for early diagnosis and prognosis by the detection of serum, plasma and saliva levels, and may provide a new ancillary or additional reference index of traditional pathological grading and clinical staging. Furthermore, miRNAs may be used as prognostic biomarkers or targets for novel therapies for oral cancer.

Related Articles

Journal Cover

October 2019
Volume 18 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1792-1074
Online ISSN:1792-1082

Sign up for eToc alerts

Recommend to Library

Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Fang, C., & Fang, C. (2019). Prospective applications of microRNAs in oral cancer (Review). Oncology Letters, 18, 3974-3984. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.10751
MLA
Fang, C., Li, Y."Prospective applications of microRNAs in oral cancer (Review)". Oncology Letters 18.4 (2019): 3974-3984.
Chicago
Fang, C., Li, Y."Prospective applications of microRNAs in oral cancer (Review)". Oncology Letters 18, no. 4 (2019): 3974-3984. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.10751