High WDR34 mRNA expression as a potential prognostic biomarker in patients with breast cancer as determined by integrated bioinformatics analysis
- Dao‑Jun Hu
- Wen‑Jie Shi
- Miao Yu
- Li Zhang
Published online on: July 18, 2019
Copyright: © Hu et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
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The WD‑repeat domain (WDR) family is distributed in the majority of eukaryotes and has several unique biological functions. It serves important roles in signal transduction, cytoskeleton assembly, protein transport, RNA processing, chromatin modification and transcription mechanisms. WD repeat domain 34 (WDR34) has been recently identified as a member of the WDR family. Overexpression of WDR34 was accompanied by the presence of multiple centrioles in the cell, suggesting that it was associated with tumor occurrence. However, its association with breast cancer was unclear. To the best of our knowledge, it has not yet been confirmed whether WDR34 gene expression is associated with breast cancer. Therefore, the current study attempted to clarify this by performing a comprehensive study using multiple datasets in the Oncomine, Breast Cancer Gene‑Expression Miner and Kaplan‑Meier Plotter databases. The analysis indicated that the mRNA expression levels of WDR34 were increased in breast cancer tissues compared with normal tissues. Consistent with this result, the Broad‑Novartis Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia revealed that WDR34 mRNA expression levels were upregulated in breast cancer cell lines compared with other cancer cells. It was noted that high WDR34 mRNA expression was associated with forkhead box M1 and PTTG1 regulator of sister chromatid separation, securing in co‑expression analysis. Expression profile characteristics of WDR34 mRNA were identified in different molecular subtypes of breast cancer. Furthermore, survival analysis revealed that increased expression levels of WDR34 mRNA were associated with poor overall survival in patients with breast cancer, particularly in luminal B, lymph node status‑positive and estrogen receptor (ER)‑negative subgroups. Additionally, Kaplan‑Meier curves revealed that high WDR34 mRNA expression was associated with shorter relapse‑free survival in patients with breast cancer, particularly in ER‑positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2‑negative and progesterone receptor‑positive subgroups. These results suggested that WDR34 may be used as a prognosis predictor in breast cancer and may provide a novel target for the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer.