Correlation of LAMA3 with onset and prognosis of ovarian cancer
- Lin Tang
- Pin Wang
- Qilin Wang
- Lan Zhong
Published online on: July 10, 2019
Copyright: © Tang et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
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Correlation of laminin subunit α3 (LAMA3) gene with onset and prognosis of ovarian cancer was investigated. In total, 210 ovarian cancer patients who received surgical resection in West China Second Hospital from March 2011 to March 2013 were randomly selected, and another 160 non‑ovarian cancer patients who needed ovariectomy were also selected. The relative expression of LAMA3 gene was compared via quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) in carcinoma tissues, para‑carcinoma tissues and non‑carcinoma normal tissues in ovarian cancer patients. The methylation level was compared among the above three tissue types. The correlation between the mutation site rs12373237 in LAMA3 gene and onset was analyzed. The expression of laminin in ovarian cancer was detected using immunohistochemistry. Moreover, the 5‑year survival rate after operation was recorded and the survival curve was plotted. The expression level of LAMA3 was lower in carcinoma tissues than those in normal tissues and para‑carcinoma tissues (P<0.05). The methylation degree was lower in para‑carcinoma tissues and normal tissues than that in carcinoma tissues (P<0.05). The CC homozygous mutation of rs12373237 was highly correlated with the onset of ovarian cancer (OR=4.333, P=0.028). The expression of LAMA3 was classified via immunohistochemistry, and the number in high‑expression group (63.8%) was larger than that in low‑expression group (36.2%) (P<0.05). According to the analysis of 5‑year survival rate, the recurrence‑free survival rate and overall survival rate in LAMA3 high‑expression group were significantly higher than those in LAMA3 low‑expression group (P<0.05). The expression level and base mutation of LAMA3 gene can change the level of laminin, which have a certain influence on the onset and prognosis of ovarian cancer.