Open Access

Cancer stem cell induction from mouse embryonic stem cells

  • Authors:
    • Akimasa Seno
    • Chikae Murakami
    • Bishoy El‑Aarag
    • Yoshiaki Iwasaki
    • Toshiaki Ohara
    • Masaharu Seno
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 15, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.10614
  • Pages: 2756-2762
  • Copyright : © Seno et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License [CC BY 4.0].

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Abstract

Although cancers are often removed by surgery and treated by chemotherapy and/or radiation therapies, they often reoccur following treatment due to the presence of resistant residual cells such as cancer stem cells (CSCs). CSCs are characterized by their self‑renewal, pluripotency, and tumorigenicity properties, and are promising therapeutic targets for the complete therapy of cancers; however, the number of CSCs in cancer tissue is typically too small to investigate fully. We have previously reported that CSCs could be established from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) using a conditioned medium during cancer cell culture. In the present study, mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) were observed to be converted to CSCs (mES‑CSCs). This demonstrated that CSC induction does not exclusively occur following gene editing in somatic cells, and that conditioned medium from cancer cells may contain factors that can induce CSCs. Therefore, not only iPSCs but also mESCs, were demonstrated to be able to produce CSCs as one of the potentials of pluripotency of stem cells, suggesting that the conversion to CSCs is not specific to iPSCs. The resultant mES‑CSCs would be also useful to generate tissue specific cancers and these naturally occurring cancers can contribute to drug screenings, but also undergo further investigation in order to reveal cancer mechanisms.
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September 2019
Volume 18 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1792-1074
Online ISSN:1792-1082

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APA
Seno, A., Murakami, C., El‑Aarag, B., Iwasaki, Y., Ohara, T., & Seno, M. (2019). Cancer stem cell induction from mouse embryonic stem cells. Oncology Letters, 18, 2756-2762. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.10614
MLA
Seno, A., Murakami, C., El‑Aarag, B., Iwasaki, Y., Ohara, T., Seno, M."Cancer stem cell induction from mouse embryonic stem cells". Oncology Letters 18.3 (2019): 2756-2762.
Chicago
Seno, A., Murakami, C., El‑Aarag, B., Iwasaki, Y., Ohara, T., Seno, M."Cancer stem cell induction from mouse embryonic stem cells". Oncology Letters 18, no. 3 (2019): 2756-2762. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.10614