Open Access

Clinical associations and prognostic value of site‑specific metastases in non‑small cell lung cancer: A population‑based study

  • Authors:
    • Zihan Xu
    • Qiao Yang
    • Xiewan Chen
    • Linpeng Zheng
    • Luping Zhang
    • Yongxin Yu
    • Mingjing Chen
    • Qiai You
    • Jianguo Sun
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: April 5, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.10225
  • Pages: 5590-5600
  • Copyright: © Xu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

The prognosis of non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is poor, particularly for patients with metastatic disease. Numerous efforts have been made to improve the prognosis of these patients; however, only a small number of studies have explored the occurrence rate and prognostic value of different patterns of distant metastasis (DM) in NSCLC systematically. To investigate these, information from patients diagnosed with NSCLC between 2010 and 2014 was collected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database. Survival rate comparisons were performed using Kaplan‑Meier analysis and log‑rank tests. A Cox proportional hazard model was established to determine factors associated with improved overall survival (OS) and cancer‑specific survival (CSS). The present study revealed that the most common site of single metastasis occurrence was bone, and the least common was the liver for NSCLC. As for multi‑site metastases, the most common two‑site metastasis involved bone and lung, and the most common three‑site metastasis involved bone, liver and lung. As for NSCLC subtypes, large cell carcinoma (LCC) exhibited more specific metastatic features. The most common single metastatic site was the brain for patients with LCC, and the most common two‑site metastatic combination was bone and liver. Patients with isolated liver metastasis exhibited the worst OS and CSS among patients with single metastasis. Furthermore, for patients with multi‑site metastases, metastases involving the liver were associated with the worst OS and CSS among various combinations. To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first to investigate the occurrence rate and prognostic value of different metastatic patterns of site‑specific DM for NSCLC using a large population‑based dataset. The findings of the present study may have vital implications for classifying patients with advanced NSCLC, thus laying a foundation for individualized precise treatment.
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June 2019
Volume 17 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 1792-1074
Online ISSN:1792-1082

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APA
Xu, Z., Yang, Q., Chen, X., Zheng, L., Zhang, L., Yu, Y. ... Sun, J. (2019). Clinical associations and prognostic value of site‑specific metastases in non‑small cell lung cancer: A population‑based study. Oncology Letters, 17, 5590-5600. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.10225
MLA
Xu, Z., Yang, Q., Chen, X., Zheng, L., Zhang, L., Yu, Y., Chen, M., You, Q., Sun, J."Clinical associations and prognostic value of site‑specific metastases in non‑small cell lung cancer: A population‑based study". Oncology Letters 17.6 (2019): 5590-5600.
Chicago
Xu, Z., Yang, Q., Chen, X., Zheng, L., Zhang, L., Yu, Y., Chen, M., You, Q., Sun, J."Clinical associations and prognostic value of site‑specific metastases in non‑small cell lung cancer: A population‑based study". Oncology Letters 17, no. 6 (2019): 5590-5600. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.10225