Open Access

The effects of BRCA1 expression on the chemosensitivity of gastric cancer cells to platinum agents

  • Authors:
    • Geon Kim
    • Jisu Kim
    • Su‑Young Han
    • In Gyu Hwang
    • Hee Sung Kim
    • Hyeyoung Min
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: March 19, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.10169
  • Pages: 5023-5029
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Abstract

Breast cancer type 1 susceptibility protein (BRCA1) is a tumor suppressor gene that encodes a nuclear phosphoprotein, which is involved in homologous recombination to repair DNA double strand breaks and maintain genome stability. When BRCA1 is mutated or altered, DNA damage may not be effectively repaired, which leads to DNA replication errors and cancer growth. Accordingly, people carrying a mutation in the BRCA1 gene possess an increased risk of several types of cancer, including breast and ovarian cancer. Previous clinical studies have reported an association between BRCA1 expression level and the incidence of gastric cancer; however, to the best of our knowledge, an in vitro study has not been performed to support these clinical observations. Therefore, the present study evaluated BRCA1 expression levels in gastric cancer cell lines. In addition, the IC50 values of cisplatin and oxaliplatin in each cell line were determined to investigate a potential correlation between BRCA1 expression level and chemosensitivity to platinum agents. The present results revealed that the BRCA1 expression level in gastric cancer is variable and associated with the treatment response to platinum‑based chemotherapy. This suggests that BRCA1 may serve as a therapeutic marker for platinum‑based chemotherapy in gastric cancer.
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June-2019
Volume 17 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 1792-1074
Online ISSN:1792-1082

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APA
Kim, G., Kim, J., Han, S., Hwang, I.G., Kim, H.S., & Min, H. (2019). The effects of BRCA1 expression on the chemosensitivity of gastric cancer cells to platinum agents. Oncology Letters, 17, 5023-5029. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.10169
MLA
Kim, G., Kim, J., Han, S., Hwang, I. G., Kim, H. S., Min, H."The effects of BRCA1 expression on the chemosensitivity of gastric cancer cells to platinum agents". Oncology Letters 17.6 (2019): 5023-5029.
Chicago
Kim, G., Kim, J., Han, S., Hwang, I. G., Kim, H. S., Min, H."The effects of BRCA1 expression on the chemosensitivity of gastric cancer cells to platinum agents". Oncology Letters 17, no. 6 (2019): 5023-5029. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.10169