Open Access

Ginsenoside Rb1 prevents steroid‑induced avascular necrosis of the femoral head through the bone morphogenetic protein‑2 and vascular endothelial growth factor pathway

  • Authors:
    • Junwu Ye
    • Daiqin Wei
    • Lin Peng
    • Tianmin Chang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: August 6, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10553
  • Pages: 3175-3181
  • Copyright: © Ye et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

At present, the molecular mechanism underlying the protective effect of Ginsenoside Rb1 remains unclear. The present study was designed to investigate whether Ginsenoside Rb1 weakened the steroid‑induced avascular necrosis of the femoral head (SANFH) and to explore the possible mechanisms of the above effects. As a result, it was revealed that Ginsenoside Rb1 was protective against steroid‑induced avascular necrosis and inhibited serum osteocalcin in a rat model of SANFH. Ginsenoside Rb1 reduced inflammation, oxidative stress and bone cell apoptosis in a rat model of SANFH. Furthermore, Ginsenoside Rb1 attenuated trabecula parameters, total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein/high density lipoprotein in SANFH rat. Additionally, Ginsenoside Rb1 significantly reversed alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin activities, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor, VEGF, Runt related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)‑2 protein expression in SANFH rat. Collectively, the present study demonstrated that Ginsenoside Rb1 attenuated SANFH through the VEGF/RUNX2/BMP‑2 signaling pathway.

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October 2019
Volume 20 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1791-2997
Online ISSN:1791-3004

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APA
Ye, J., Wei, D., Peng, L., & Chang, T. (2019). Ginsenoside Rb1 prevents steroid‑induced avascular necrosis of the femoral head through the bone morphogenetic protein‑2 and vascular endothelial growth factor pathway. Molecular Medicine Reports, 20, 3175-3181. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10553
MLA
Ye, J., Wei, D., Peng, L., Chang, T."Ginsenoside Rb1 prevents steroid‑induced avascular necrosis of the femoral head through the bone morphogenetic protein‑2 and vascular endothelial growth factor pathway". Molecular Medicine Reports 20.4 (2019): 3175-3181.
Chicago
Ye, J., Wei, D., Peng, L., Chang, T."Ginsenoside Rb1 prevents steroid‑induced avascular necrosis of the femoral head through the bone morphogenetic protein‑2 and vascular endothelial growth factor pathway". Molecular Medicine Reports 20, no. 4 (2019): 3175-3181. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10553