Open Access

Therapeutic effect of transplantation of human bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells on neuron regeneration in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion

  • Authors:
    • Ping Xie
    • Ming Deng
    • Qin‑Guo Sun
    • Yong‑Gang Ma
    • Yan Zhou
    • Jiang‑Hua Ming
    • Qing Chen
    • Shi‑Qing Liu
    • Jun‑Qi Liu
    • Jun Cai
    • Fei Wu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 30, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10536
  • Pages: 3065-3074
  • Copyright: © Xie et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Human bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stromal cells (hBMSCs) have been revealed to be beneficial for the regeneration of tissues and cells in several diseases. The present study aimed to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the effect of hBMSC transplantation on neuron regeneration in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). The hBMSCs were isolated, cultured and identified. A rat model of MCAO was induced via the modified Longa method. Neurological severity scores (NSS) were adopted for the evaluation of neuronal function in the model rats after cell transplantation. Next, the expression levels of nestin, β‑III‑tubulin (β‑III‑Tub), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), HNA and neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN) were examined, as well as the positive expression rates of human neutrophil alloantigen (HNA), nestin, NeuN, β‑III‑Tub and GFAP. The NSS, as well as the mRNA and protein expression of nestin, decreased at the 1st, 2nd, 4 and 8th weeks, while the mRNA and protein expression of NeuN, β‑III‑Tub and GFAP increased with time. In addition, after treatment, the MCAO rats showed decreased NSS and mRNA and protein expression of nestin, but elevated mRNA and protein expression of NeuN, β‑III‑Tub and GFAP at the 2nd, 4 and 8th weeks, and decreased positive expression of HNA and nestin with enhanced expression of NeuN, β‑III‑Tub and GFAP. Therefore, the present findings demonstrated that hBMSC transplantation triggered the formation of nerve cells and enhanced neuronal function in a rat model of MCAO.

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October 2019
Volume 20 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1791-2997
Online ISSN:1791-3004

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APA
Xie, P., Deng, M., Sun, Q., Ma, Y., Zhou, Y., Ming, J. ... Wu, F. (2019). Therapeutic effect of transplantation of human bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells on neuron regeneration in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion. Molecular Medicine Reports, 20, 3065-3074. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10536
MLA
Xie, P., Deng, M., Sun, Q., Ma, Y., Zhou, Y., Ming, J., Chen, Q., Liu, S., Liu, J., Cai, J., Wu, F."Therapeutic effect of transplantation of human bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells on neuron regeneration in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion". Molecular Medicine Reports 20.4 (2019): 3065-3074.
Chicago
Xie, P., Deng, M., Sun, Q., Ma, Y., Zhou, Y., Ming, J., Chen, Q., Liu, S., Liu, J., Cai, J., Wu, F."Therapeutic effect of transplantation of human bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells on neuron regeneration in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion". Molecular Medicine Reports 20, no. 4 (2019): 3065-3074. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10536