Alleviation of sepsis‑induced cardiac dysfunction by overexpression of Sestrin2 is associated with inhibition of
p‑S6K and activation of the p‑AMPK pathway
- Ziwen Wang
- Lin Bu
- Peng Yang
- Shoujie Feng
- Feng Xu
Published online on: July 23, 2019
Copyright: © Wang et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
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Sepsis‑induced myocardial injury is one of the manifestations of multiple organ dysfunction in sepsis. The aim of the present study was to determine the mechanism of alleviation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)‑induced injury on cardiomyocytes by Sestrin2. A sepsis model using LPS injection was constructed in Sprague‑Dawley (SD) rats, and after 6, 12 and 24 h, rat blood was collected and cardiac troponin T (CTnT) levels were determined using ELISA. Heart specimens were excised, tumor necrosis factor‑α (TNF‑α) and interleukin 6 (IL‑6) levels were detected by ELISA, malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were estimated using colorimetric analysis, and phosphorylated (p)‑S6K and p‑AMP‑activated protein kinase (AMPK) levels were determined by western blot analysis. In the septic rats, phenomenon of myocardial fiber rupture, interstitial edema and inflammatory cell infiltration were observed under light microscope. Following LPS injection, CTnT in serum and MDA in myocardial homogenate were increased time‑dependently. TNF‑α and IL‑6 levels were significantly increased, with a peak at 6 h. p‑S6K levels were adaptively downregulated, and levels of p‑AMPK and Sestrin2 were adaptively upregulated by LPS. In LPS‑injured H9c2 cells, Sestrin2 overexpression attenuated the LPS‑mediated inhibitory effects on cell viability, suppressed LPS‑mediated increase in CTnT, TNF‑α, IL‑6 and MDA levels, as well as attenuated p‑S6K levels and elevated p‑AMPK and Sestrin2 levels. Sestrin2 interference showed the opposite effect. Sestrin2 promoted cell viability and inhibited the inflammatory responses of LPS‑injured myocardial cells. The phenomena may be associated with inhibition of p‑S6K and activation of the p‑AMPK pathway.