Signature microRNAs and long noncoding RNAs in laryngeal cancer recurrence identified using a competing endogenous RNA network
- Zhengyi Tang
- Ganguan Wei
- Longcheng Zhang
- Zhiwen Xu
Affiliations: Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi 530021, P.R China, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, 923 Hospital of People's Liberation Army, Nanning, Guangxi 530021, P.R China
- Published online on: April 10, 2019 https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10143
Copyright: © Tang
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The aim of the present study was to identify novel microRNA (miRNA) or long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) signatures of laryngeal cancer recurrence and to investigate the regulatory mechanisms associated with this malignancy. Datasets of recurrent and nonrecurrent laryngeal cancer samples were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Gene Expression Omnibus database (GSE27020 and GSE25727) to examine differentially expressed miRNAs (DE‑miRs), lncRNAs (DE‑lncRs) and mRNAs (DEGs). miRNA‑mRNA and lncRNA‑miRNA networks were constructed by investigating the associations among these RNAs in various databases. Subsequently, the interactions identified were combined into a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory network. Feature genes in the miRNA‑mRNA network were identified via topological analysis and a recursive feature elimination algorithm. A support vector machine (SVM) classifier was established using the betweenness centrality values in the miRNA‑mRNA network, consisting of 32 optimal feature‑coding genes. The classification effect was tested using two validation datasets. Furthermore, coding genes in the ceRNA network were examined via pathway enrichment analyses. In total, 21 DE‑lncRs, 507 DEGs and 55 DE‑miRs were selected. The SVM classifier exhibited an accuracy of 94.05% (79/84) for sample classification prediction in the TCGA dataset, and 92.66 and 91.07% in the two validation datasets. The ceRNA regulatory network comprised 203 nodes, corresponding to mRNAs, miRNAs and lncRNAs, and 346 lines, corresponding to the interactions among RNAs. In particular, the interactions with the highest scores were HLA complex group 4 (HCG4)‑miR‑33b, HOX transcript antisense RNA (HOTAIR)‑miR‑1‑MAGE family member A2 (MAGEA2), EMX2 opposite strand/antisense RNA (EMX2OS)‑miR‑124‑calcitonin related polypeptide α (CALCA) and EMX2OS‑miR‑124‑γ‑aminobutyric acid type A receptor γ2 subunit (GABRG2). Gene enrichment analysis of the genes in the ceRNA network identified that 11 pathway terms and 16 molecular function terms were significantly enriched. The SVM classifier based on 32 feature coding genes exhibited high accuracy in the classification of laryngeal cancer samples. miR‑1, miR‑33b, miR‑124, HOTAIR, HCG4 and EMX2OS may be novel biomarkers of recurrent laryngeal cancer, and HCG4‑miR‑33b, HOTAIR‑miR‑1‑MAGEA2 and EMX2OS‑miR‑124‑CALCA/GABRG2 may be associated with the molecular mechanisms regulating recurrent laryngeal cancer.