Current strategies against persistent human papillomavirus infection (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Yu Liu
    • Hongyi Li
    • Ruyu Pi
    • Yang Yang
    • Xia Zhao
    • Xiaorong Qi
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 23, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2019.4847
  • Pages: 570-584
Metrics: Total Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )


Abstract

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection, exhibiting a tropism for the epidermis and mucosae. The link between persistent HPV infection and malignancies involving the anogenital tract as well as the head and neck has been well‑established, and it is estimated that HPV‑related cancers involving various anatomical sites account for 4.5% of all human cancers. Current prophylactic vaccines against HPV have enabled the prevention of associated malignancies. However, the sizeable population base of current infection in whom prophylactic vaccines are not applicable, certain high‑risk HPV types not included in vaccines, and the vast susceptible population in developing countries who do not have access to the costly prophylactic vaccines, put forward an imperative need for effective therapies targeting persistent infection. In this article, the life cycle of HPV, the mechanisms facilitating HPV evasion of recognition and clearance by the host immune system, and the promising therapeutic strategies currently under investigation, particularly antiviral drugs and therapeutic vaccines, are reviewed.
View Figures
View References

Related Articles

Journal Cover

September 2019
Volume 55 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

Sign up for eToc alerts

Recommend to Library

Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Liu, Y., Li, H., Pi, R., Yang, Y., Zhao, X., & Qi, X. (2019). Current strategies against persistent human papillomavirus infection (Review). International Journal of Oncology, 55, 570-584. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2019.4847
MLA
Liu, Y., Li, H., Pi, R., Yang, Y., Zhao, X., Qi, X."Current strategies against persistent human papillomavirus infection (Review)". International Journal of Oncology 55.3 (2019): 570-584.
Chicago
Liu, Y., Li, H., Pi, R., Yang, Y., Zhao, X., Qi, X."Current strategies against persistent human papillomavirus infection (Review)". International Journal of Oncology 55, no. 3 (2019): 570-584. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2019.4847