Open Access

Clinical application of ventriculoperitoneal shunting in treating traumatic brain injury

  • Authors:
    • Fanpeng Meng
    • Haiyuan Wu
    • Shuguang Yang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: August 7, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7860
  • Pages: 2497-2502
  • Copyright: © Meng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

Metrics: Total Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )


Abstract

This study explored the clinical application of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting in treating traumatic brain injury (TBI). A retrospective analysis was performed on 100 patients who had hydrocephalus due to TBI and were admitted to Shanxian Central Hospital from February 2012 to June 2016. Among these patients, 50 underwent VP shunting surgery and were assigned to the experimental group. The remaining 50 underwent lumboperitoneal (LP) shunting surgery and were assigned to the control group. Twenty days after surgery, all patients were evaluated for clinical outcomes, neurological deficit scores and complications. The results were compared between the two groups. Patients in the experimental group were further separated into three subgroups according to the severity of hydrocephalus, and clinical outcomes were compared among the subgroups. It was found that the effective rate in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The effective rate in the mild hydrocephalus subgroup was significantly higher than that in the severe hydrocephalus subgroup, with a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). The effective rate in the moderate hydrocephalus subgroup was significantly higher than that in the severe hydrocephalus subgroup, with a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). The incidence of complications in the control group was significantly higher than that in the experimental group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The postoperative neurological deficit score in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). In conclusion, patients with hydrocephalus due to TBI had better clinical outcome when treated with VP shunting than those treated with LP shunting. Moreover, a better outcome was observed when the patient had milder hydrocephalus. Therefore, the early diagnosis and timely treatment with VP shunting are of great importance for patients with hydrocephalus.

Related Articles

Journal Cover

October 2019
Volume 18 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

Sign up for eToc alerts

Recommend to Library

Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Meng, F., Wu, H., & Yang, S. (2019). Clinical application of ventriculoperitoneal shunting in treating traumatic brain injury. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 18, 2497-2502. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7860
MLA
Meng, F., Wu, H., Yang, S."Clinical application of ventriculoperitoneal shunting in treating traumatic brain injury". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 18.4 (2019): 2497-2502.
Chicago
Meng, F., Wu, H., Yang, S."Clinical application of ventriculoperitoneal shunting in treating traumatic brain injury". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 18, no. 4 (2019): 2497-2502. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7860