Notch‑1 inhibition reduces proliferation and promotes osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells
Affiliations: Department of Infectious Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, P.R. China, Burn Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, P.R. China
- Published online on: July 10, 2019 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7765
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Low differentiation and high proliferation rates are critical factors affecting bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) tumorigenesis. The present study aimed to investigate the role of the Notch signaling pathway in BMSC proliferation and osteogenic differentiation. Mouse BMSCs were divided into control, vector, Notch1‑small interfering (si)RNA, γ‑secretase inhibitor, and Notch1‑siRNA + γ‑secretase inhibitor groups. The siRNA‑Notch1, γ‑secretase inhibitor, and Notch1‑siRNA + γ‑secretase inhibitor groups were treated with Notch1 siRNA and/or γ‑secretase inhibitor. Following treatment, cell proliferation was evaluated using a Cell Counting Kit‑8. Tumor‑related factors, including transforming growth factor (TGF)‑β1, c‑Myc and p53, were detected by reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analyses. BMSC osteogenic differentiation was induced and the cells were stained with alizarin red at 14 and 21 days. Alkaline phosphatase (AKP) activity was also evaluated. The siRNA‑Notch1 and γ‑secretase inhibitor both reduced BMSC proliferation and the expression of TGF‑β1 and c‑Myc and increased the expression of p53. Following the induction of osteogenesis and staining with alizarin red, the level of AKP was significantly higher in cells in the siRNA‑Notch1 and γ‑secretase inhibitor groups compared with that in the control group. It was found that Notch1 inhibition reduced proliferation and promoted the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs.