lncRNA SCAL1 inhibits inducible nitric oxide synthase in lung cells under high‑glucose conditions

  • Authors:
    • Ping Li
    • Ning Zhang
    • Fen Ping
    • Yanfeng Gao
    • Lei Cao
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 3, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7729
  • Pages: 1831-1836
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Abstract

The lungs are one of the most common target organs of diabetic injury in patients with diabetes. Long non‑coding RNA (lncRNA) smoke and cancer‑associated lncRNA 1 (SCAL1), also known as lung cancer associated transcript 1 (LUCAT1), is known to have a pivotal role in lung cancer. The aim of the current study was to investigate the potential involvement of SCAL1 in diabetic lung disease. The expression levels of SCAL1 were determined by reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR in serum samples from healthy controls (n=40), diabetic patients without lung disease (n=56) and diabetic patients with diabetic lung disease (n=44). Receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of serum SCAL1 in discriminating diabetic patients with diabetic lung disease from diabetic patients without lung disease and healthy controls. Pearson's correlation analysis was performed to examine the correlation between SCAL1 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA expression levels in blood and lung tissue samples. Expression levels of iNOS and NO production following treatment with high (30 mM) glucose were examined by western blot analysis and NO assay, respectively. The expression levels of SCAL1 were significantly downregulated in diabetic patients with diabetic lung disease, and downregulated serum expression levels of SCAL1 effectively distinguished diabetic patients with diabetic lung disease from diabetic patients without lung disease and healthy controls. Treatment with high glucose significantly upregulated SCAL1 expression in normal lung cells. Furthermore, the overexpression of SCAL1 inhibited iNOS protein expression and reduced NO production in cells treated with high glucose. In conclusion, the current study demonstrated that lncRNA SCAL1 inhibits iNOS protein expression in lung cells under high‑glucose conditions, which suggests that SCAL1 may have potential in the treatment of patients with diabetic lung disease.
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September 2019
Volume 18 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

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APA
Li, P., Zhang, N., Ping, F., Gao, Y., & Cao, L. (2019). lncRNA SCAL1 inhibits inducible nitric oxide synthase in lung cells under high‑glucose conditions. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 18, 1831-1836. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7729
MLA
Li, P., Zhang, N., Ping, F., Gao, Y., Cao, L."lncRNA SCAL1 inhibits inducible nitric oxide synthase in lung cells under high‑glucose conditions". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 18.3 (2019): 1831-1836.
Chicago
Li, P., Zhang, N., Ping, F., Gao, Y., Cao, L."lncRNA SCAL1 inhibits inducible nitric oxide synthase in lung cells under high‑glucose conditions". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 18, no. 3 (2019): 1831-1836. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7729