Anti‑diarrheal effect of Scutellaria baicalensis is associated with suppression of smooth muscle in the rat colon

  • Authors:
    • Hyun Ju Kim
    • Jun‑Ho La
    • Hee Man Kim
    • Il‑Suk Yang
    • Tae Sik Sung
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: April 5, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7469
  • Pages: 4748-4756
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Abstract

Scutellaria baicalensis (S. baicalensis) has been used to manage diarrhea, and its anti‑inflammatory effects are responsible for anti‑diarrheal effects. However, there are no data concerning its direct effect on colonic motility. Therefore, the effects of the major components of S. baicalensis (baicalin, baicalein and wogonin) on colonic motility were investigated. A segment of the distal colon of rats was placed in Krebs solution to monitor spontaneous giant contractions (GCs). Changes in GCs were recorded after applying baicalin, baicalein or wogonin. After pretreatment with Nω‑nitro‑L‑arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L‑NAME), 1H‑(1,2,4)‑oxadiazolo (4,2‑a) quinoxalin‑1‑one (ODQ), tetradotoxin, w‑conotoxin, apamin, and iberiotoxin, changes in GCs by wogonin were recorded and analyzed. The segment of the distal colon showed spontaneous GCs at a mean amplitude of 3.7±0.3 g with a frequency of 0.8±0.1/min. Baicalin, baicalein, and wogonin reduced both the amplitude and the frequency of GCs in a dose‑dependent manner. Wogonin had the most potent inhibitory effect on GCs (IC50 was 14.6 µM in amplitude and 14.2 µM in frequency). Wogonin‑induced GC reduction was not significantly affected by the inhibition of nitric oxide/cGMP pathways with L‑NAME and ODQ. Blocking the enteric neurotransmission with tetradotoxin and ω‑conotoxin was ineffective on the wogonin‑induced reduction of GCs. Ca2+‑activated K+ (KCa) channel blockers (apamin and iberiotoxin) significantly attenuated the inhibitory effects of wogonin on GCs (P<0.01). Wogonin was effective in inhibiting colonic motility, probably through the opening of KCa channels located in the smooth muscle apparatus. These findings suggest that wogonin may be a candidate drug for the management of dysmotility‑related diarrhea.

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APA
Kim, H.J., La, J., Kim, H.M., Yang, I., & Sung, T.S. (2019). Anti‑diarrheal effect of Scutellaria baicalensis is associated with suppression of smooth muscle in the rat colon . Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 17, 4748-4756. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7469
MLA
Kim, H. J., La, J., Kim, H. M., Yang, I., Sung, T. S."Anti‑diarrheal effect of Scutellaria baicalensis is associated with suppression of smooth muscle in the rat colon ". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 17.6 (2019): 4748-4756.
Chicago
Kim, H. J., La, J., Kim, H. M., Yang, I., Sung, T. S."Anti‑diarrheal effect of Scutellaria baicalensis is associated with suppression of smooth muscle in the rat colon ". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 17, no. 6 (2019): 4748-4756. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7469