Role of gene promoter methylation regulated by TETs and DNMTs in the overexpression of HLA‑G in MCF‑7 cells

  • Authors:
    • Daoyu Zhang
    • Xinglan An
    • Ziyi Li
    • Sheng Zhang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: April 11, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7481
  • Pages: 4709-4714
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Abstract

Human leukocyte antigen‑G (HLA‑G) is highly expressed in numerous solid tumor cell types and has important roles in protecting tumor cells from host immune recognition and destruction. DNA methylation modification, which may regulate gene expression, is aberrant in numerous tumor cell types. However, whether the high expression of HLA‑G in tumor cells is induced by aberrant DNA methylation has remained elusive. In the present study, HLA‑G, DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) and ten‑eleven translocation (TET) expression, as well as the DNA methylation level of HLA‑G, were assessed in the HBL‑100 breast cell line and the MCF‑7 breast cancer cell line. The influence of TET on the expression and DNA methylation levels of HLA‑G in MCF‑7 was assessed through treatment with the TET inhibitor dimethyloxallyl glycine (DMOG). The results indicated that HLA‑G expression was significantly greater in MCF‑7 than that in HBL‑100 cells; however, the DNA methylation level of HLA‑G was lower in MCF‑7 than that in HBL‑100 cells. Furthermore, in MCF‑7 cells, DNMT1 and DNMT3a were expressed at lower levels and TET2 was expressed at higher levels than in HBL‑100 cells. Treatment with DMOG significantly decreased HLA‑G expression, while increasing the DNA methylation level of HLA‑G in MCF‑7. In conclusion, the results indicated that overexpression of HLA‑G in MCF‑7 cells was induced by DNA methylation modification. The lower DNMT1 and DNMT3a and higher TET2 expression levels may be responsible for the abnormal DNA methylation of HLA‑G in MCF‑7. Treatment with TET inhibitor prevented aberrant HLA‑G expression and DNA methylation in MCF‑7. The present study may provide potential targets for novel anti‑cancer drugs.

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June 2019
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APA
Zhang, D., An, X., Li, Z., & Zhang, S. (2019). Role of gene promoter methylation regulated by TETs and DNMTs in the overexpression of HLA‑G in MCF‑7 cells. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 17, 4709-4714. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7481
MLA
Zhang, D., An, X., Li, Z., Zhang, S."Role of gene promoter methylation regulated by TETs and DNMTs in the overexpression of HLA‑G in MCF‑7 cells". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 17.6 (2019): 4709-4714.
Chicago
Zhang, D., An, X., Li, Z., Zhang, S."Role of gene promoter methylation regulated by TETs and DNMTs in the overexpression of HLA‑G in MCF‑7 cells". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 17, no. 6 (2019): 4709-4714. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7481