Protective effects of Asiatic acid against pelvic inflammatory disease in rats

  • Authors:
    • Dejia Kong
    • Ping Fu
    • Qin Zhang
    • Xian Ma
    • Ping Jiang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: April 17, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7498
  • Pages: 4687-4692
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Abstract

Asiatic acid (AA) is one of the major components of the Chinese herb Centella asiatica and exerts a variety of pharmacological activities. However, the pharmacological effects of AA on pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) remain unknown. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the therapeutic efficacy and potential mechanisms of AA on PID in rats. A total of 75 female Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into the following five groups: A control group; a PID group; a PID + AA 5 mg/kg group; a PID + AA 35 mg/kg group; and a PID + AA 75 mg/kg group. Changes in cytokine and chemokine levels, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, nucleotide‑binding domain‑like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome and nuclear factor‑κB (NF‑κB) activation, oxidative stress and cleaved caspase‑3 were measured. AA treatment significantly decreased the excessive production of cytokines and chemokines and suppressed MPO activity and the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, NF‑κB and caspase‑3, as well as oxidative stress. These results suggest that AA exhibits potent anti‑inflammatory and antioxidant effects in rats with pathogen‑induced PID and that the mechanism of these anti‑inflammatory effects may be associated with the suppression of NLRP3 inflammasome activation and the NF‑κB pathway.

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June 2019
Volume 17 Issue 6

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Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Kong, D., Fu, P., Zhang, Q., Ma, X., & Jiang, P. (2019). Protective effects of Asiatic acid against pelvic inflammatory disease in rats. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 17, 4687-4692. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7498
MLA
Kong, D., Fu, P., Zhang, Q., Ma, X., Jiang, P."Protective effects of Asiatic acid against pelvic inflammatory disease in rats". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 17.6 (2019): 4687-4692.
Chicago
Kong, D., Fu, P., Zhang, Q., Ma, X., Jiang, P."Protective effects of Asiatic acid against pelvic inflammatory disease in rats". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 17, no. 6 (2019): 4687-4692. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7498