Comparison of the effect and clinical value in general anesthesia and combined spinal-epidural anesthesia in elderly patients undergoing hip arthroplasty
- Huanhui Zhong
- Yongdong Wang
- Yiqun Wang
- Baiyun Wang
Affiliations: Department of Anesthesiology, Affiliated Nanhua Hospital, University of South China, Hengyang, Hunan 421002, P.R. China
- Published online on: April 3, 2019 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7465
Copyright: © Zhong
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Effect and clinical value in general anesthesia and combined spinal-epidural anesthesia in elderly patients undergoing hip arthroplasty were compared. One hundred and six patients with hip arthroplasty in the Affiliated Nanhua Hospital, University of South China from May 2013 to July 2015 were selected as the research subjects, including 50 patients in the study group who received combined spinal-epidural anesthesia by ondansetron hydrochloride tablets combined with spinal-epidural puncture kit, and 56 patients in the control group who received general anesthesia by fast-induced endotracheal intubation. Retrospective analysis was performed in terms of anesthesia effect, complete block time, anesthesia onset time, hemodynamic parameters at different time points before and after the surgery, and adverse reactions after the surgery. The study group had a statistically shorter onset time and a statistically shorter complete block time than the control group (P<0.05). No significant difference in the heart rate, systolic blood pressure or diastolic blood pressure before the surgery in the two groups was shown (P>0.05); the heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure in the study group 20 min after the start of the operation and 15 min before the end of the operation were significantly higher those in the control group (P<0.05); the adverse reactions such as venous thrombosis, pulmonary infection, and nausea and vomiting in the study group were fewer than those in the control group (P<0.05). For elderly patients with fracture surgery, both the general anesthesia and the combined spinal-epidural anesthesia can maintain a good anesthesia effect, but the combined spinal-epidural anesthesia can shorten the onset time and has less impact on the patient's hemodynamic parameters and less incidence of complications, thus worthy of clinical promotion.