Effects of different mycotoxins on humans, cell genome and their involvement in cancer (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Mowaffaq Adam Ahmed Adam
    • Yasser M. Tabana
    • Khirun Binti Musa
    • Doblin Anak Sandai
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  • Published online on: February 6, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2017.5424
  • Pages: 1321-1336
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Abstract

The chemical nature of most of the mycotoxins makes them highly liposoluble compounds that can be absorbed from the site of exposure such as from the gastrointestinal and respiratory tract to the blood stream where it can be dissimilated throughout the body and reach different organs such as the liver and kidneys. Mycotoxins have a strong tendency and ability to penetrate the human and animal cells and reach the cellular genome where it causes a major mutagenic change in the nucleotide sequence which leads to strong and permanent defects in the genome. This defect will eventually be transcribed, translated and lead to the development of cancer. In this review, the chemical and physical nature of mycotoxins, the action of mycotoxins on the cellular genome and its effect on humans, mycotoxins and their carcinogenicity and mycotoxins research gaps are discussed, and new research areas are suggested. The research review posed various questions. What are the different mycotoxins that can cause cancer, what is the role of mycotoxins in causing cancer and what types of cancers can be caused by mycotoxins? These questions have been selected due to the significant increase in the mycotoxin contamination and the cancer incidence rate in the contemporary world. By revealing and understanding the role of mycotoxins in developing cancer, measures to reduce the risks and incidents of cancer could be taken.
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March 2017
Volume 37 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1021-335X
Online ISSN:1791-2431

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APA
Ahmed Adam, M.A., Tabana, Y.M., Musa, K.B., & Sandai, D.A. (2017). Effects of different mycotoxins on humans, cell genome and their involvement in cancer (Review). Oncology Reports, 37, 1321-1336. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2017.5424
MLA
Ahmed Adam, M. A., Tabana, Y. M., Musa, K. B., Sandai, D. A."Effects of different mycotoxins on humans, cell genome and their involvement in cancer (Review)". Oncology Reports 37.3 (2017): 1321-1336.
Chicago
Ahmed Adam, M. A., Tabana, Y. M., Musa, K. B., Sandai, D. A."Effects of different mycotoxins on humans, cell genome and their involvement in cancer (Review)". Oncology Reports 37, no. 3 (2017): 1321-1336. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2017.5424