Open Access

Elevated expression of exosomal microRNA‑21 as a potential biomarker for the early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer using a tethered cationic lipoplex nanoparticle biochip

  • Authors:
    • Xiaofan Pu
    • Guoping Ding
    • Mingjie Wu
    • Senhao Zhou
    • Shengnan Jia
    • Liping Cao
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: January 15, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11302
  • Pages: 2062-2070
  • Copyright: © Pu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Pancreatic cancer (PC) has a poor prognosis due to the lack of effective molecular biomarkers for early diagnosis. Recent studies have investigated the use of exosomal microRNAs (exmiRs) as diagnostic biomarkers in cancer. The present study examined exmiR‑21, exmiR‑10b and exmiR‑212‑3p expression in patients with PC and healthy individuals. The expression levels of exmiR‑21, exmiR‑10b and exmiR‑212‑3p were examined in the peripheral blood plasma of 36 patients with PC and 65 healthy controls, using tethered cationic lipoplex nanoparticle biochip. The levels of exmiR‑21 in the plasma of 34 mice were also evaluated. The expression levels of exmiR‑21 and exmiR‑10b were significantly greater in patients with PC compared with the control group. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis indicated that exmiR‑21 had better diagnostic performance (P=0.0003; AUC, 0.7171) compared with the other two exmiRs. The diagnostic value of exmiR‑21 improved when combined with exmiR‑10b (P<0.0001; AUC, 0.791). Furthermore, exmiR‑21 was capable of distinguishing patients with early‑stage PC from controls and advanced‑stage PC (P<0.05, early stage vs. healthy; P<0.001, early stage vs. advanced stage). The results of the present study revealed that the plasma levels of exmiR‑21 and exmiR‑10b were upregulated in patients with PC. The ROC analyses indicated that exmiR‑21 had the best diagnostic performance among the three exmiRs. Furthermore, exmiR‑21 was capable of discriminating patients with early‑stage PC from healthy controls. These findings indicate the potential of determining the expression of exmiR‑21 from serum using a tethered cationic lipoplex nanoparticle biochip as a novel non‑invasive strategy for the early diagnosis of PC.

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March 2020
Volume 19 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1792-1074
Online ISSN:1792-1082

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APA
Pu, X., Ding, G., Wu, M., Zhou, S., Jia, S., & Cao, L. (2020). Elevated expression of exosomal microRNA‑21 as a potential biomarker for the early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer using a tethered cationic lipoplex nanoparticle biochip. Oncology Letters, 19, 2062-2070. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11302
MLA
Pu, X., Ding, G., Wu, M., Zhou, S., Jia, S., Cao, L."Elevated expression of exosomal microRNA‑21 as a potential biomarker for the early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer using a tethered cationic lipoplex nanoparticle biochip". Oncology Letters 19.3 (2020): 2062-2070.
Chicago
Pu, X., Ding, G., Wu, M., Zhou, S., Jia, S., Cao, L."Elevated expression of exosomal microRNA‑21 as a potential biomarker for the early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer using a tethered cationic lipoplex nanoparticle biochip". Oncology Letters 19, no. 3 (2020): 2062-2070. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11302