Open Access

The role of long non‑coding RNA H19 in breast cancer (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Ji Wang
    • Jinyu Sun
    • Fen Yang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: November 14, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.11093
  • Pages: 7-16
  • Copyright: © Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common malignant tumor in women in the majority of countries, such as China, Britain and Australia, and its morbidity and mortality rates remain very high. Long non‑coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are non‑coding RNAs (ncRNAs) >200 nucleotides in length that lack open reading frames. LncRNA H19 is a transcription product of the H19 gene, and the aberrant expression of H19 can be demonstrated in various types of tumor cell. The purpose of the present review was to elaborate the role of H19 in breast cancer. H19 can regulate gene expression in breast cancer at multiple levels, including epigenetic, transcriptional and posttranscriptional. The abnormal expression of H19 is closely associated with the tumorigenesis and progression of breast cancer via different underlying molecular mechanisms, such as encoding microRNA‑675, competing endogenous RNA regulation and interacting with MYC. A large number of clinical studies have suggested that H19 can serve as a potential biomarker for the diagnosis of breast cancer. High expression levels of H19 increases the drug resistance of breast cancer cells and is associated with poor prognosis within patients with breast cancer. Therefore, serum H19 levels may have momentous significance in the clinical setting.
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January 2020
Volume 19 Issue 1

Print ISSN: 1792-1074
Online ISSN:1792-1082

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APA
Wang, J., Sun, J., & Yang, F. (2020). The role of long non‑coding RNA H19 in breast cancer (Review). Oncology Letters, 19, 7-16. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.11093
MLA
Wang, J., Sun, J., Yang, F."The role of long non‑coding RNA H19 in breast cancer (Review)". Oncology Letters 19.1 (2020): 7-16.
Chicago
Wang, J., Sun, J., Yang, F."The role of long non‑coding RNA H19 in breast cancer (Review)". Oncology Letters 19, no. 1 (2020): 7-16. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.11093