Open Access

Significant function and research progress of biomarkers in gastric cancer (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Dong Mei Ye
    • Gaosheng Xu
    • Wei Ma
    • Yuxuan Li
    • Weiru Luo
    • Yiyang Xiao
    • Yong Liu
    • Zhiwei Zhang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: November 11, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.11078
  • Pages: 17-29
  • Copyright: © Ye et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Gastric cancer is one of the most common gastrointestinal tumor types, and the incidence and mortality rates are higher in men compared with women. Various studies have revealed that gastric cancer is a spectrum of tumor types, which have biological and genetic diversity. It has proven to be difficult to improve the overall survival and disease‑free survival of patients with gastric cancer through the use of traditional surgery and chemoradiation, as gastric cancer is usually identified at an advanced stage. In consequence, the outcome is frequently poor. Thus, novel biomarkers and anticancer targets are required to improve the outcome. As the identification of biomarkers has increased due to advances in research and the greater availability of bioinformatics and functional genomics, the potential therapeutic regimens available have also increased concurrently. These advances have also improved the ability to predict responses to chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy, whilst other biomarkers predict post‑treatment survival and recurrence based on their expression. This review focuses closely on the important functions of biomarkers in the timely diagnosis and treatment of gastric cancer, in addition to the advances in the study of certain novel markers in gastric cancer.
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January 2020
Volume 19 Issue 1

Print ISSN: 1792-1074
Online ISSN:1792-1082

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APA
Ye, D.M., Xu, G., Ma, W., Li, Y., Luo, W., Xiao, Y. ... Zhang, Z. (2020). Significant function and research progress of biomarkers in gastric cancer (Review). Oncology Letters, 19, 17-29. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.11078
MLA
Ye, D. M., Xu, G., Ma, W., Li, Y., Luo, W., Xiao, Y., Liu, Y., Zhang, Z."Significant function and research progress of biomarkers in gastric cancer (Review)". Oncology Letters 19.1 (2020): 17-29.
Chicago
Ye, D. M., Xu, G., Ma, W., Li, Y., Luo, W., Xiao, Y., Liu, Y., Zhang, Z."Significant function and research progress of biomarkers in gastric cancer (Review)". Oncology Letters 19, no. 1 (2020): 17-29. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2019.11078