Open Access

CYP2E1 changes the biological function of gastric cancer cells via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway

  • Authors:
    • Rui‑Ying Wang
    • Xiao‑Wei Chen
    • Wen‑Wen Zhang
    • Fei Jiang
    • Meng‑Qi Liu
    • Xiao‑Bing Shen
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: December 17, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10890
  • Pages: 842-850
  • Copyright: © Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

The present study investigated the role of cytochrome P450 family 2 subfamily E polypeptide 1 (CYP2E1) in the development and progression of gastric cancer (GC). The expression levels of CYP2E1 in MGC‑803 GC cells and normal GES‑1 cells were investigated via western blotting, and it was identified that the expression of CYP2E1 was different between GES‑1 and MGC‑803 cells. CYP2E1 was overexpressed in MGC‑803 cells using a lentiviral vector GV358. Cell Counting Kit‑8, flow cytometry, cell migration and Matrigel invasion assays suggested that overexpression of CYP2E1 promoted the proliferation and invasion, and inhibited the apoptosis of GC cells. The relationship between CYP2E1 expression and key signaling molecules in the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway was assessed. Reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR analysis showed that mTOR mRNA expression was significantly increased after overexpression of CYP2E1 (P<0.05). Western blotting results showed that overexpression of CYP2E1 upregulated the expression of phosphorylated (p)‑Akt, p‑mTOR and p‑p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase (P70S6K; Ser371) proteins (P<0.05). To further investigate the relationship between CYP2E1 and the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway in GC cells, MGC‑803 cells were treated with the PI3K inhibitor LY294002, and changes in the expression levels of PI3K, AKT, mTOR, P70S6K and CYP2E1 were observed. The present results showed that LY294002 downregulated the expression of PI3K, CYP2E1, AKT, mTOR and P70S6K (P<0.05). Therefore, changes in the biological function of GC cells induced by CYP2E1 overexpression may be via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.
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February 2020
Volume 21 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1791-2997
Online ISSN:1791-3004

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APA
Wang, R., Chen, X., Zhang, W., Jiang, F., Liu, M., & Shen, X. (2020). CYP2E1 changes the biological function of gastric cancer cells via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. Molecular Medicine Reports, 21, 842-850. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10890
MLA
Wang, R., Chen, X., Zhang, W., Jiang, F., Liu, M., Shen, X."CYP2E1 changes the biological function of gastric cancer cells via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway". Molecular Medicine Reports 21.2 (2020): 842-850.
Chicago
Wang, R., Chen, X., Zhang, W., Jiang, F., Liu, M., Shen, X."CYP2E1 changes the biological function of gastric cancer cells via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway". Molecular Medicine Reports 21, no. 2 (2020): 842-850. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10890