Molecular cytogenetic characterization of an isodicentric Yq and a neocentric isochromosome Yp in an azoospermic male

  • Authors:
    • Yuting Jiang
    • Fagui Yue
    • Ruixue Wang
    • Hongguo Zhang
    • Leilei Li
    • Linlin Li
    • Shibo Li
    • Ruizhi Liu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: December 13, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10883
  • Pages: 918-926
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Abstract

Isodicentric Y chromosomes are considered one of the most common structural abnormalities of the Y chromosome. Neocentric marker chromosomes, with neocentromeres, have drawn increasing attention in recent years. The present study reported an azoospermic male with a neocentric isochromosome Yp, neo(Yp), and an isodicentric Yq, idic(Yq). The karyotype was analyzed using G‑banding, chromosome microarray analysis (CMA), and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with various detection probes, including sex‑determining region on the Y chromosome (SRY) and Y centromeric, applied at the same time. G‑banding initially revealed the karyotype 47,X,i(Y)(q10),+mar. CMA indicated the presence of an extra Y chromosome, seemingly equivalent to 47,XYY males. FISH delineated the existence of two centromeres on the idic(Yq). For the marker chromosome, two SRY signals were detected instead of the Y‑specific centromere signal, and a visual centromere was observed. This indicated the possible existence of a neocentromere in the marker chromosome, located in the connected region in Yp11.2 band. Finally, the patient's karyotype was established as 47,X,idic(Y)(p11.2), neo(Y)(pter→Yp11.2::Yp11.2→pter). The findings suggested that both idic(Yq) and neo(Yp) could be the main causes of the patient's azoospermia, despite the fact that the partial disomy of Ypter to Yp11.2 did not lead to any major malformations. The present study not only improves the understanding of karyotype/phenotype relationships between neocentric marker Y chromosomes and male infertility, but also supports the hypothesis that the combined application of molecular cytogenetic analysis could aid in reliably confirming breakpoints, origins, and the constitution of the marker chromosomes.
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February 2020
Volume 21 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1791-2997
Online ISSN:1791-3004

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APA
Jiang, Y., Yue, F., Wang, R., Zhang, H., Li, L., Li, L. ... Liu, R. (2020). Molecular cytogenetic characterization of an isodicentric Yq and a neocentric isochromosome Yp in an azoospermic male. Molecular Medicine Reports, 21, 918-926. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10883
MLA
Jiang, Y., Yue, F., Wang, R., Zhang, H., Li, L., Li, L., Li, S., Liu, R."Molecular cytogenetic characterization of an isodicentric Yq and a neocentric isochromosome Yp in an azoospermic male". Molecular Medicine Reports 21.2 (2020): 918-926.
Chicago
Jiang, Y., Yue, F., Wang, R., Zhang, H., Li, L., Li, L., Li, S., Liu, R."Molecular cytogenetic characterization of an isodicentric Yq and a neocentric isochromosome Yp in an azoospermic male". Molecular Medicine Reports 21, no. 2 (2020): 918-926. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10883