Synergistic effect of halofuginone and dexamethasone on LPS‑induced acute lung injury in type II alveolar epithelial cells and a rat model

  • Authors:
    • Hai‑Lian Du
    • Ai‑Dong Zhai
    • Hong Yu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: December 6, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10865
  • Pages: 927-935
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Abstract

Acute lung injury (ALI) is characterized by neutrophilic infiltration, uncontrolled oxidative stress and inflammatory processes. Despite various therapeutic regimes having been performed, there remains no effective pharmacotherapy available to treat ALI. Halofuginone (HF), a ketone isolated from Dichroa febrifuga, exhibits significant anti‑inflammatory and antifibrotic effects. Dexamethasone (DEX), a synthetic glucocorticoid, has been routinely used as an adjuvant therapy in treating inflammatory diseases, including ALI. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the combination of HF and DEX in the treatment of ALI. The present results suggested that the simultaneous administration of HF and DEX markedly decreased the level of pro‑inflammatory cytokines and increased the level of anti‑inflammatory cytokines, as assessed by western blot analysis. In addition, HF and DEX effectively decreased nuclear factor‑κB activity via suppressing the phosphorylation of P65 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)‑induced human pulmonary alveolar epithelial cells (HPAEpiC) and lung tissues extracted from ALI rats, as determined by immunofluorescence. Furthermore, in vivo experiments demonstrated that the combination of HF and DEX in LPS‑induced ALI rats defended against lung fibrosis, perivascular inflammation, congestion and edema of pulmonary alveoli, as assessed by histopathological analysis, TUNEL staining and immunohistochemistry assay. Taken together, the present study indicated the synergistic effect of HF and DEX on LPS‑induced ALI in HPAEpiC cells and a rat model. These results offer a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of ALI.
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February 2020
Volume 21 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1791-2997
Online ISSN:1791-3004

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APA
Du, H., Zhai, A., & Yu, H. (2020). Synergistic effect of halofuginone and dexamethasone on LPS‑induced acute lung injury in type II alveolar epithelial cells and a rat model. Molecular Medicine Reports, 21, 927-935. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10865
MLA
Du, H., Zhai, A., Yu, H."Synergistic effect of halofuginone and dexamethasone on LPS‑induced acute lung injury in type II alveolar epithelial cells and a rat model". Molecular Medicine Reports 21.2 (2020): 927-935.
Chicago
Du, H., Zhai, A., Yu, H."Synergistic effect of halofuginone and dexamethasone on LPS‑induced acute lung injury in type II alveolar epithelial cells and a rat model". Molecular Medicine Reports 21, no. 2 (2020): 927-935. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10865