DNA methyltransferase DNMT1 inhibits lipopolysaccharide‑induced inflammatory response in human dental pulp cells involving the methylation changes of IL‑6 and TRAF6

  • Authors:
    • Luhui Cai
    • Minkang Zhan
    • Qimeng Li
    • Di Li
    • Qiong Xu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: December 4, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10860
  • Pages: 959-968
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Abstract

Dental pulp inflammation is a pathological process characterized by local lesions in dental pulp and the accumulation of inflammatory mediators. DNA methylation of cytosine residues is a key epigenetic modification that is essential for gene transcription, and plays pivotal roles in inflammatory reactions and immune responses. However, the function of cytosine DNA methylation in the innate immune defense against the inflammation of dental pulp is poorly understood. To investigate the effect of DNA methylation in inflamed dental pulp upon innate immune responses, expression levels of the DNA methyltransferases (DNMT1, DNMT3a and DNMT3b) in human dental pulp cells (hDPCs) after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation were evaluated by western blotting and reverse transcription‑quantitative (RT‑q) PCR. Only DNMT1 expression was decreased, while the transcription of inflammatory cytokines was increased. In the immune responses of LPS‑induced hDPCs, the results of RT‑qPCR and ELISA showed that DNMT1 knockdown promoted the production of the pro‑inflammatory cytokines, interleukin (IL)‑6 and IL‑8. Western blotting demonstrated that DNMT1 knockdown increased the phosphorylation levels of IKKα/β and p38 in the NF‑κB and MAPK signaling pathways, respectively. Furthermore, MeDIP and RT‑qPCR analysis demonstrated that the 5‑methylcytosine levels of the IL‑6 and TNF receptor‑associated factor 6 (TRAF6) promoters were significantly decreased in DNMT1‑deficient hDPCs. Taken together, these results indicated that the expression of DNMT1 was decreased after LPS stimulation in hDPCs. DNMT1 depletion increased LPS‑induced cytokine secretion, and activated NF‑κB and MAPK signaling; these mechanisms may involve the decreased methylation levels of the IL‑6 and TRAF6 gene promoters. This study emphasized the role of DNMT1‑dependent DNA methylation on the inflammation of LPS‑infected dental pulp and provides a new rationale for the investigation of the molecular mechanisms of inflamed dental pulps.
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February 2020
Volume 21 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1791-2997
Online ISSN:1791-3004

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APA
Cai, L., Zhan, M., Li, Q., Li, D., & Xu, Q. (2020). DNA methyltransferase DNMT1 inhibits lipopolysaccharide‑induced inflammatory response in human dental pulp cells involving the methylation changes of IL‑6 and TRAF6. Molecular Medicine Reports, 21, 959-968. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10860
MLA
Cai, L., Zhan, M., Li, Q., Li, D., Xu, Q."DNA methyltransferase DNMT1 inhibits lipopolysaccharide‑induced inflammatory response in human dental pulp cells involving the methylation changes of IL‑6 and TRAF6". Molecular Medicine Reports 21.2 (2020): 959-968.
Chicago
Cai, L., Zhan, M., Li, Q., Li, D., Xu, Q."DNA methyltransferase DNMT1 inhibits lipopolysaccharide‑induced inflammatory response in human dental pulp cells involving the methylation changes of IL‑6 and TRAF6". Molecular Medicine Reports 21, no. 2 (2020): 959-968. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10860