Critical roles of PI3K/Akt/NF‑κB survival axis in angiotensin II‑induced podocyte injury
- Junjie Wang
- Dongdong Fu
- Soulixay Senouthai
- Yanwu You
Published online on: October 9, 2019
Copyright: © Wang et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
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Numerous studies have reported that angiotensin (Ang) II, nephrin, and podocin serve pivotal roles in podocyte injury, and thus can lead to the occurrence of proteinuria and the progression of kidney diseases. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Ang II on the production of nephrin and podocin, and their relationship with podocyte injury. We also aimed to determine whether nephrin, podocin and caspase‑9 production depends on the PI3K/Akt/nuclear factor (NF)‑κB signaling pathway in cultured mouse podocytes. We treated mouse podocytes with different doses of Ang II (10‑9, 10‑8, 10‑7 and 10‑6 mol/l) for 12, 24, and 48 h to analyse cell viability, and at 10‑6 mol/l Ang II for 12, 24, and 48 h to evaluate cell apoptosis. Cells were treated with 10‑6 mol/l of Ang II and/or LY294002 (inhibitor of Akt) or 740Y‑P (activator of PI3K) for 48 h to detect Akt, phosphorylated (phospho)‑Akt, p65 NF‑κB, and phospho‑p65 NF‑κB, nephrin, podocin and caspase‑9 expression, and podocyte apoptosis. Treatment with Ang II suppressed the viability and promoted the apoptosis of podocytes in a dose‑ and time‑dependent manner. Ang II decreased phospho‑Akt, phospho‑p65 NF‑κB, nephrin, and podocin and increased caspase‑9 expression, while podocyte apoptosis was promoted. LY294002 further enhanced Ang II‑induced downregulation of Akt and p65 NF‑κB activation, as well as upregulation of caspase‑9 mRNA and protein, and promoted the apoptosis of podocytes. Of note, 740Y‑P restored Ang II‑induced downregulation of Akt and p65 NF‑κB activation, and upregulation of caspase‑9, and decreased podocyte apoptosis. Interestingly, LY294002 and 740Y‑P were determined to have no notable effects on the expression of nephrin and podocin. The data suggested that Ang II could regulate the expression of nephrin, podocin and caspase‑9. Collectively, our findings suggested that the PI3K/Akt/NF‑κB survival axis may serve a pivotal role in podocyte injury.