Open Access

Valvular heart disease as a possible predictor of trastuzumab‑induced cardiotoxicity in patients with breast cancer

  • Authors:
    • Akihiko Sato
    • Akiomi Yoshihisa
    • Makiko Miyata‑Tatsumi
    • Masayoshi Oikawa
    • Atsushi Kobayashi
    • Takafumi Ishida
    • Tohru Ohtake
    • Yasuchika Takeishi
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: November 13, 2018     https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2018.1764
  • Pages: 37-42
  • Copyright: © Sato et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Although the use of trastuzumab has been reported to improve overall survival in patients with HER2‑positive breast cancer, there is increasing concern about the adverse effects of trastuzumab‑induced cardiotoxicity (TIC). The aim of the present study was to investigate the predictor of TIC and to consider appropriate management for such patients. The present study breast cancer 119 patients with breast cancer who had been treated with trastuzumab. Patients were referred to our department for cardiac function screening. The patients' baseline characteristics, echocardiographic data, presence of trastuzumab‑induced cardiotoxicity (TIC) and all‑cause mortality were investigated. TIC was defined as a manifestation of overt heart failure or ≥10% reduction of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) from baseline to an LVEF <55% in asymptomatic patients. During the follow‑up period (mean, 1,410 days), symptomatic heart failure occurred in 2 out of 119 patients (1.6%), 11 patients (9.2%) had asymptomatic impairment of cardiac function that was ameliorated by discontinuing trastuzumab and 20 patients (16.8%) succumbed to cancer‑associated fatality. In the logistic regression analysis, only the presence of valvular heart disease at the baseline was indicated to be a predictor of TIC. There was no other predictor for TIC, including baseline characteristics, other therapies and echocardiographic parameters. In addition, impairment of cardiac function was ameliorated by discontinuing trastuzumab. TIC occurred in ~10% of the patients treated with trastuzumab. Only the presence of valvular heart disease seems to be associated with occurrence of TIC, with no other specific predictor of TIC demonstrated in the present study. The present data suggests the importance of regular monitoring of cardiac function, and that presence of valvular heart disease may be a possible predictor of TIC.
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January 2019
Volume 10 Issue 1

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APA
Sato, A., Yoshihisa, A., Miyata‑Tatsumi, M., Oikawa, M., Kobayashi, A., Ishida, T. ... Takeishi, Y. (2019). Valvular heart disease as a possible predictor of trastuzumab‑induced cardiotoxicity in patients with breast cancer. Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 10, 37-42. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2018.1764
MLA
Sato, A., Yoshihisa, A., Miyata‑Tatsumi, M., Oikawa, M., Kobayashi, A., Ishida, T., Ohtake, T., Takeishi, Y."Valvular heart disease as a possible predictor of trastuzumab‑induced cardiotoxicity in patients with breast cancer". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 10.1 (2019): 37-42.
Chicago
Sato, A., Yoshihisa, A., Miyata‑Tatsumi, M., Oikawa, M., Kobayashi, A., Ishida, T., Ohtake, T., Takeishi, Y."Valvular heart disease as a possible predictor of trastuzumab‑induced cardiotoxicity in patients with breast cancer". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 10, no. 1 (2019): 37-42. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2018.1764