Evaluation of inflammation‑based markers for predicting the prognosis of unresectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma treated with chemotherapy

  • Authors:
    • Hiroyuki Asama
    • Rei Suzuki
    • Tadayuki Takagi
    • Mitsuru Sugimoto
    • Naoki Konno
    • Ko Watanabe
    • Jun Nakamura
    • Hitomi Kikuchi
    • Mika Takasumi
    • Yuki Sato
    • Hiroki Irie
    • Takuto Hikichi
    • Hiromasa Ohira
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  • Published online on: August 10, 2018     https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2018.1696
  • Pages: 408-414
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Abstract

Predicting the prognosis of unresectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is useful in determining the appropriate management strategy. The present study aimed to investigate the association between PDAC prognosis and inflammation‑based markers, such as the neutrophil‑to‑lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet‑to‑lymphocyte ratio, prognostic nutritional index, modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS) and controlling nutritional status score. A total of 72 patients with unresectable PDAC who received chemotherapy were included. Inflammation‑based markers were measured prior to treatment. The median progression‑free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 117 days (range, 10‑781 days) and 244 days (range 43‑781 days), respectively. The cut‑off value of continuous variables that predicted the median OS (244 days) was calcualted. Univariate analysis of PFS showed that disease stage, first‑line chemotherapy regimen, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), NLR, platelet‑to‑lymphocyte ratio (PLR), mGPS and controlling nutritional status (CONUT) scores were associated with PFS. Among them, stage, first‑line chemotherapy regimen, CEA, NLR and mGPS were independent prognostic factors for PFS in multivariate analysis. Univariate analysis of OS showed that stage, first‑line chemotherapy regimen, CA19‑9, NLR, PLR, prognostic nutritional index (PNI), mGPS and CONUT score were associated wtih OS. Among them, first‑line chemotherapy and mGPS were independent prognostic factors for OS according to multivariate analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that a NLR ≥4.0 and mGPS 2 were independent prognostic factors for PFS. For OS, mGPS 2 was an independent prognostic factor. In conclusion, mGPS was the most useful marker in predicting the prognosis of patients with unresectable PDAC who received chemotherapy.
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October 2018
Volume 9 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 2049-9450
Online ISSN:2049-9469

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APA
Asama, H., Suzuki, R., Takagi, T., Sugimoto, M., Konno, N., Watanabe, K. ... Ohira, H. (2018). Evaluation of inflammation‑based markers for predicting the prognosis of unresectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma treated with chemotherapy. Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 9, 408-414. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2018.1696
MLA
Asama, H., Suzuki, R., Takagi, T., Sugimoto, M., Konno, N., Watanabe, K., Nakamura, J., Kikuchi, H., Takasumi, M., Sato, Y., Irie, H., Hikichi, T., Ohira, H."Evaluation of inflammation‑based markers for predicting the prognosis of unresectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma treated with chemotherapy". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 9.4 (2018): 408-414.
Chicago
Asama, H., Suzuki, R., Takagi, T., Sugimoto, M., Konno, N., Watanabe, K., Nakamura, J., Kikuchi, H., Takasumi, M., Sato, Y., Irie, H., Hikichi, T., Ohira, H."Evaluation of inflammation‑based markers for predicting the prognosis of unresectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma treated with chemotherapy". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 9, no. 4 (2018): 408-414. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2018.1696