Primary laryngeal localization of multiple myeloma: A case report
- Eugenia Allegra
- Nicolò Marino
- Domenico Modica
- Carmela Emmanuele
- Vincenzo Saita
Affiliations: Department of Health Sciences-Otolaryngology, School of Medicine, ‘Magna Graecia’ University of Catanzaro, I‑88100 Catanzaro, Italy, Department of Otolaryngology, ‘Cannizzaro’ Hospital, I‑95100 Catania, Italy, Department of Histopathology, ‘Cannizzaro’ Hospital, I‑95100 Catania, Italy
- Published online on: January 2, 2017 https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2017.1122
Copyright: © Allegra
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Commons Attribution License.
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Multiple myeloma is a lymphoproliferative disease that may involve the bone marrow as well as extramedullary soft tissues. However, laryngeal localization of multiple myeloma is extremely rare. We herein present the case of a 68‑year‑old male patient with a history of dyspnea, dysphonia and dysphagia. Laryngoscopic examination revealed a lesion involving the right glottis and right vestibular (false) vocal fold, with absence of ipsilateral laryngeal motility and constriction of the airway. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a gross swelling infiltrating the right glottis and right false vocal fold, sized 33x19x33 mm, with sub‑centimeter laterocervical lymph nodes bilaterally. Careful integration of the clinical manifestations with the radiological and pathological data led to the diagnosis of multiple myeloma. Given the rarity of this localization, the purpose of this study was to increase knowledge of this disease among ear, nose and throat specialists, in order to enable a more timely diagnosis.