Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater causing ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone-dependent Cushing's syndrome

  • Authors:
    • Akihisa Kato
    • Kazuki Hayashi
    • Itaru Naitoh
    • Kyoji Seno
    • Yukiko Okada
    • Tesshin Ban
    • Hiromu Kondo
    • Yuji Nishi
    • Shuichiro Umemura
    • Yasuki Hori
    • Makoto Natsume
    • Takashi Joh
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: April 21, 2016     https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2016.869
  • Pages: 113-116
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Abstract

Ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is rarely secreted by neuroendocrine tumors. Although neuroendocrine tumors may occur at any site in the gastrointestinal system, they very rarely occur in the ampulla of Vater and have a poor prognosis. The present study described the first Cushing's syndrome as a result of ectopic ACTH arising from the ampulla of Vater neuroendocrine carcinoma. A 69‑year‑old female was admitted with clinical features of Cushing's syndrome, confirmed biochemically by hypokalemia, and elevated levels of ACTH and cortisol. In further investigations, a tumor of the ampulla of Vater and liver metastases were detected. Pathological analysis of the biopsy confirmed a neuroendocrine carcinoma, which was immunohistochemically positive for chromogranin A, synaptophysin, cluster of differentiation 56 and ACTH. Therefore, the present study diagnosed a functional and metastatic neuroendocrine carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater with ectopic ACTH production causing Cushing's syndrome. The patient succumbed to mortality 4 months later, despite administration of combined chemotherapy with irinotecan and cisplatin.
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July 2016
Volume 5 Issue 1

Print ISSN: 2049-9450
Online ISSN:2049-9469

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APA
Kato, A., Hayashi, K., Naitoh, I., Seno, K., Okada, Y., Ban, T. ... Joh, T. (2016). Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater causing ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone-dependent Cushing's syndrome. Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 5, 113-116. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2016.869
MLA
Kato, A., Hayashi, K., Naitoh, I., Seno, K., Okada, Y., Ban, T., Kondo, H., Nishi, Y., Umemura, S., Hori, Y., Natsume, M., Joh, T."Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater causing ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone-dependent Cushing's syndrome". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 5.1 (2016): 113-116.
Chicago
Kato, A., Hayashi, K., Naitoh, I., Seno, K., Okada, Y., Ban, T., Kondo, H., Nishi, Y., Umemura, S., Hori, Y., Natsume, M., Joh, T."Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater causing ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone-dependent Cushing's syndrome". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 5, no. 1 (2016): 113-116. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2016.869