Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata: A case report and review of the literature

  • Authors:
    • Chaoying Wu
    • Xuyin Zhang
    • Xiang Tao
    • Jingxin Ding
    • Keqin Hua
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: April 5, 2016     https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2016.848
  • Pages: 957-958
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Abstract

Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata (LPD) is a rare smooth muscle tumor, which is characterized by the dissemination of multiple smooth muscle‑like nodules throughout the omental and peritoneal surfaces. The present report describes the case of a 33‑year‑old woman who had previously undergone laparoscopic myomectomy due to a bizarre leiomyoma. Five years after the initial operation, the patient was referred to our hospital with irregular episodes of right abdominal pain. As the presentation was highly suspicious of malignant uterine tumor metastasis or LPD, the patient subsequently underwent laparoscopic total hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo‑oopherectomy, omental resection and excision of some of the disseminated nodules. Histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of LPD. Under laparoscopic examination, LPD must be distinguished from metastatic leiomyosarcoma and other malignant conditions. Frozen section biopsy examination may help with the diagnosis, but the final diagnosis relies on pathological examination. The etiology of LPD includes several theories, such as the hormonal, genetic and iatrogenic theories. A gonadotropin‑releasing hormone agonist may be successful in shrinking the nodules. In women who have completed their families, total abdominal hysterectomy, salpingo‑oophorectomy, omentectomy and debulking appears to be the optimal treatment.
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June 2016
Volume 4 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 2049-9450
Online ISSN:2049-9469

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APA
Wu, C., Zhang, X., Tao, X., Ding, J., & Hua, K. (2016). Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata: A case report and review of the literature. Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 4, 957-958. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2016.848
MLA
Wu, C., Zhang, X., Tao, X., Ding, J., Hua, K."Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata: A case report and review of the literature". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 4.6 (2016): 957-958.
Chicago
Wu, C., Zhang, X., Tao, X., Ding, J., Hua, K."Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata: A case report and review of the literature". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 4, no. 6 (2016): 957-958. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2016.848