Infusion site adverse events in breast cancer patients receiving highly emetic chemotherapy with prophylactic anti‑emetic treatment with aprepitant and fosaprepitant: A retrospective comparison

  • Authors:
    • Takashi Tsuda
    • Chisato Kyomori
    • Takuro Mizukami
    • Tomoko Taniyama
    • Naoki Izawa
    • Yoshiki Horie
    • Mami Hirakawa
    • Takashi Ogura
    • Takako Eguchi Nakajima
    • Koichiro Tsugawa
    • Narikazu Boku
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: February 5, 2016     https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2016.769
  • Pages: 603-606
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Abstract

The incidences of infusion site adverse events in chemotherapy regimens, including anthracyclines with either fosaprepitant or aprepitant as the anti‑emetic, were not highlighted in the randomized trial comparing aprepitant and fosaprepitant. The present retrospective analysis was performed in breast cancer patients receiving anthracycline‑containing chemotherapy, a combination of epirubicin and cyclophosphamide with or without 5‑fluorouracil as the adjuvant or neoadjuvant, at the outpatient infusion center of St. Marianna University Hospital (Kawasaki, Japan). Infusion site adverse events were retrospectively compared between the 3 months prior to and three months following switching from 3 day oral administration of aprepitant to intravenous infusion of fosaprepitant. A total of 62 patients were included in the aprepitant group and 38 in the fosaprepitant group. Of these patients, 26 (42%) in the aprepitant group and 36 patients (96%) in the fosaprepitant group experienced any grade of infusion site adverse events at least once (P<0.001). As an anti‑emetic treatment for chemotherapy using anthracyclines, fosaprepitant may be associated with a higher risk of infusion site adverse events compared with aprepitant.
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April 2016
Volume 4 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 2049-9450
Online ISSN:2049-9469

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APA
Tsuda, T., Kyomori, C., Mizukami, T., Taniyama, T., Izawa, N., Horie, Y. ... Boku, N. (2016). Infusion site adverse events in breast cancer patients receiving highly emetic chemotherapy with prophylactic anti‑emetic treatment with aprepitant and fosaprepitant: A retrospective comparison. Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 4, 603-606. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2016.769
MLA
Tsuda, T., Kyomori, C., Mizukami, T., Taniyama, T., Izawa, N., Horie, Y., Hirakawa, M., Ogura, T., Nakajima, T. E., Tsugawa, K., Boku, N."Infusion site adverse events in breast cancer patients receiving highly emetic chemotherapy with prophylactic anti‑emetic treatment with aprepitant and fosaprepitant: A retrospective comparison". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 4.4 (2016): 603-606.
Chicago
Tsuda, T., Kyomori, C., Mizukami, T., Taniyama, T., Izawa, N., Horie, Y., Hirakawa, M., Ogura, T., Nakajima, T. E., Tsugawa, K., Boku, N."Infusion site adverse events in breast cancer patients receiving highly emetic chemotherapy with prophylactic anti‑emetic treatment with aprepitant and fosaprepitant: A retrospective comparison". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 4, no. 4 (2016): 603-606. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2016.769