Neoplastic fever in patients with bone and soft tissue sarcoma

  • Authors:
    • Tomoki Nakamura
    • Akihiko Matsumine
    • Takao Matsubara
    • Kunihiro Asanuma
    • Akihiro Sudo
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: September 21, 2016     https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2016.1027
  • Pages: 631-634
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Abstract

The development of fever is a common complication in the clinical course of cancer. If all other potential causes of fever are excluded, the possibility of neoplastic fever should be considered. The aim of the present study was to determine the incidence of neoplastic fever in patients with bone and soft tissue sarcomas. Between January 2009 and December 2014, 195 patients with bone and soft tissue sarcoma (111 men and 84 women; mean age, 55 years) were admitted to the department of Orthopaedic Surgery of Mie University Graduate School of Medicine (Tsu, Japan). Episodes of fever were observed in 58 patients (30%), of whom 11 (5.5%) had neoplastic fever (mean maximum temperature, 38.9˚C). The causes of neoplastic fever were as follows: primary tumor (n=3), local recurrence (n=1), metastasis (n=5), and local recurrence with metastasis (n=2). Of the 11 patients, 9 were treated with naproxen and 8 exhibited a complete response, with their temperature normalizing to <37.3˚C within 24 h. The 2 patients who were not treated with naproxen underwent surgical tumor resection, which resulted in prompt and complete lysis of the fever. In conclusion, neoplastic fever occurred in 5.5% of the 195 patients with bone and soft tissue sarcomas investigated herein. naproxen may be effective for treating neoplastic fever in patients with bone and soft tissue sarcoma; however, radical tumor treatment may have to be considered to achieve permanent lysis of the fever.
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November 2016
Volume 5 Issue 5

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APA
Nakamura, T., Matsumine, A., Matsubara, T., Asanuma, K., & Sudo, A. (2016). Neoplastic fever in patients with bone and soft tissue sarcoma. Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 5, 631-634. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2016.1027
MLA
Nakamura, T., Matsumine, A., Matsubara, T., Asanuma, K., Sudo, A."Neoplastic fever in patients with bone and soft tissue sarcoma". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 5.5 (2016): 631-634.
Chicago
Nakamura, T., Matsumine, A., Matsubara, T., Asanuma, K., Sudo, A."Neoplastic fever in patients with bone and soft tissue sarcoma". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 5, no. 5 (2016): 631-634. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2016.1027