Open Access

Large uterine pyomyoma in a perimenopausal female: A case report and review of 50 reported cases in the literature

  • Authors:
    • Naoyuki Iwahashi
    • Yasushi Mabuchi
    • Michihisa Shiro
    • Shigetaka Yagi
    • Sawako Minami
    • Kazuhiko Ino
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: August 26, 2016     https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2016.1005
  • Pages: 527-531
  • Copyright: © Iwahashi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Pyomyoma is a rare complication, which withoug antibiotics or surgical intervention, may cause sepsis and mortality. The present study reported a case of large uterine pyomyoma in a perimenopausal female. A 53‑year‑old multigravida woman was referred to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan) due to progressive abdominal distension. The patient presented with anemia gravis, severe inflammatory reaction and cachexia. Computed tomography revealed a large unilocular mass, 50 cm in size, with an irregular surface and thickened wall, occupying the entire abdomen. Following antibiotic medication, the patient underwent a total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo‑oophorectomy. Intraoperative findings demonstrated a solid tumor arising from the back of the uterine body. A total of 12 liters of purulent, malodorous fluid was drained from the tumor. The resected mass was 50 cm in size and 13.5 kg in weight. Cultures of the pus revealed the presence of Streptococcus agalactiae. Pathological findings revealed suppurative leiomyoma with no malignancy. Large pyomyoma is difficult to distinguish from a gynecological malignant tumor types, particularly in perimenopausal women with non‑specific clinical presentation. Although pyomyoma is a benign tumor, care must be taken to discriminate these from large abdominal tumors.
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November 2016
Volume 5 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 2049-9450
Online ISSN:2049-9469

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Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Iwahashi, N., Mabuchi, Y., Shiro, M., Yagi, S., Minami, S., & Ino, K. (2016). Large uterine pyomyoma in a perimenopausal female: A case report and review of 50 reported cases in the literature. Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 5, 527-531. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2016.1005
MLA
Iwahashi, N., Mabuchi, Y., Shiro, M., Yagi, S., Minami, S., Ino, K."Large uterine pyomyoma in a perimenopausal female: A case report and review of 50 reported cases in the literature". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 5.5 (2016): 527-531.
Chicago
Iwahashi, N., Mabuchi, Y., Shiro, M., Yagi, S., Minami, S., Ino, K."Large uterine pyomyoma in a perimenopausal female: A case report and review of 50 reported cases in the literature". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 5, no. 5 (2016): 527-531. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2016.1005