Development of combined thymic carcinoma and thymoma in an extrathymic lesion during long follow‑up for recurrent thymoma

  • Authors:
    • Yasuhiro Ohue
    • Shunichiro Matsuoka
    • Hirotaka Kumeda
    • Hiroyuki Agatsuma
    • Akira Hyougotani
    • Masayuki Toishi
    • Takayuki Shiina
    • Kazuo Yoshida
    • Kunihiko Shingu
    • Toshirou Fukushima
    • Tomonobu Koizumi
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: December 11, 2015     https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2015.708
  • Pages: 139-142
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Abstract

The present study reported a rare case of combined thymic squamous cell carcinoma and thymoma exhibiting a mass on the left chest wall. The patient underwent thoracotomy for invasive thymoma 15 years previously, however, suffered a relapse in the left intrathoracic space. Radiotherapy, chemotherapy and partial resection, as secondary surgery for the intrathoracic mass, were performed. The histological findings in the resected specimens revealed type B3 thymoma. As the patient developed a left chest wall mass and pain in 2013, the mass was resected. The histological findings indicated two separate components composed of type B3 thymoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Immunohistological findings revealed that the thymoma cells were positive for CD5, while the thymic carcinoma cells were negative for CD5. Several reports have demonstrated the coexistence of thymic carcinoma and thymoma in the primary thymus, however, the development of a combined tumor in an extrathymic lesion is extremely rare. The present case had a long follow‑up for recurrent thymoma. The present case indicated that the development and/or coexistence of malignant components in the thymoma must be taken into consideration for the treatment and/or management of patients with thymoma and that a pre‑existence of CD5 expression in thymoma and the lost change may be associated with the process of malignant transformation.
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February 2016
Volume 4 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 2049-9450
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APA
Ohue, Y., Matsuoka, S., Kumeda, H., Agatsuma, H., Hyougotani, A., Toishi, M. ... Koizumi, T. (2016). Development of combined thymic carcinoma and thymoma in an extrathymic lesion during long follow‑up for recurrent thymoma. Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 4, 139-142. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2015.708
MLA
Ohue, Y., Matsuoka, S., Kumeda, H., Agatsuma, H., Hyougotani, A., Toishi, M., Shiina, T., Yoshida, K., Shingu, K., Fukushima, T., Koizumi, T."Development of combined thymic carcinoma and thymoma in an extrathymic lesion during long follow‑up for recurrent thymoma". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 4.2 (2016): 139-142.
Chicago
Ohue, Y., Matsuoka, S., Kumeda, H., Agatsuma, H., Hyougotani, A., Toishi, M., Shiina, T., Yoshida, K., Shingu, K., Fukushima, T., Koizumi, T."Development of combined thymic carcinoma and thymoma in an extrathymic lesion during long follow‑up for recurrent thymoma". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 4, no. 2 (2016): 139-142. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2015.708