Risk-reducing surgery in hereditary gynecological cancer: Clinical applications in Lynch syndrome and hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Masataka Adachi
    • Kouji Banno
    • Megumi Yanokura
    • Miho Iida
    • Kanako Nakamura
    • Yuya Nogami
    • Kiyoko Umene
    • Kenta Masuda
    • Iori Kisu
    • Arisa Ueki
    • Akira Hirasawa
    • Eiichiro Tominaga
    • Daisuke Aoki
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: November 20, 2014     https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2014.460
  • Pages: 267-273
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Abstract

Risk‑reducing surgery (RRS) is defined as a prophylactic approach with removal of organs at high risk of developing cancer, which is performed in cases without lesions or absence of clinically significant lesions. Hereditary gynecological cancers for which RRS is performed include hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) and Lynch syndrome. For HBOC, RRS in the United States (US) is recommended for women with mutations in the breast cancer susceptibility (BRCA)1 and BRCA2 genes and bilateral salpingo‑oophorectomy (BSO) is generally performed. This procedure may reduce the risk of breast, ovarian, Fallopian tube and primary peritoneal cancer, although ovarian deficiency symptoms occur postoperatively. For Lynch syndrome, RRS in the US is considered for postmenopausal women or for women who do not desire to bear children and BSO and hysterectomy are usually performed. This approach may reduce the risk of endometrial and ovarian cancer, although ovarian deficiency symptoms also occur. For RRS, there are several issues that must be addressed to reduce the risk of cancer development in patients with HBOC or Lynch syndrome. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first review to discuss RRS with a focus on hereditary gynecological cancer.
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March 2015
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APA
Adachi, M., Banno, K., Yanokura, M., Iida, M., Nakamura, K., Nogami, Y. ... Aoki, D. (2015). Risk-reducing surgery in hereditary gynecological cancer: Clinical applications in Lynch syndrome and hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (Review). Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 3, 267-273. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2014.460
MLA
Adachi, M., Banno, K., Yanokura, M., Iida, M., Nakamura, K., Nogami, Y., Umene, K., Masuda, K., Kisu, I., Ueki, A., Hirasawa, A., Tominaga, E., Aoki, D."Risk-reducing surgery in hereditary gynecological cancer: Clinical applications in Lynch syndrome and hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (Review)". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 3.2 (2015): 267-273.
Chicago
Adachi, M., Banno, K., Yanokura, M., Iida, M., Nakamura, K., Nogami, Y., Umene, K., Masuda, K., Kisu, I., Ueki, A., Hirasawa, A., Tominaga, E., Aoki, D."Risk-reducing surgery in hereditary gynecological cancer: Clinical applications in Lynch syndrome and hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (Review)". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 3, no. 2 (2015): 267-273. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2014.460