B7‑H4 overexpression correlates with a poor prognosis for cervical cancer patients

  • Authors:
    • Wenting Liu
    • Kiyosumi Shibata
    • Yoshihiro Koya
    • Hiroaki Kajiyama
    • Takeshi Senga
    • Mamoru Yamasitha
    • Fumitaka Kikkawa
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  • Published online on: December 12, 2013     https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2013.225
  • Pages: 219-225
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Abstract

Cervical cancer is a major global public health care concern and the second most commonly diagnosed malignancy among females worldwide. B7‑H4 is an immunoregulatory protein that has been shown to be overexpressed in several types of cancer and is often associated with more advanced disease and poor prognosis. We investigated whether B7‑H4 is a prognostic maker for cervical cancer by detecting its expression in cervical cancer specimens. Formalin‑fixed, paraffin‑embedded tissue blocks from cervical cancer were evaluated for B7‑H4 expression by immunohistochemistry with free R software analysis. The intensity of B7‑H4 immunoexpression was evaluated according to age, histological type, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) and lymph node status. We investigated the distribution and expression of B7‑H4 in 102 cervical cancer specimens and determined the association between its expression and clinicopathological characteristics, including patient outcomes. Of the 102 specimens, 31 were found to be negative for B7‑H4 immunoexpression, whereas 71 were B7‑H4‑positive. When classified by negative vs. positive expression, B7‑H4 was not found to be associated with any of the clinicopathological parameters investigated. A positive B7‑H4 expression significantly predicted poor overall survival (OS) when compared to negative expression (P<0.05). In the multivariate analysis, positive B7‑H4 expression was identified as an independent prognostic factor for OS (P<0.05). Our data suggested that positive B7‑H4 expression may be a useful biomarker in patients with cervical cancer likely to have an unfavorable clinical outcome.
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March 2014
Volume 2 Issue 2

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APA
Liu, W., Shibata, K., Koya, Y., Kajiyama, H., Senga, T., Yamasitha, M., & Kikkawa, F. (2014). B7‑H4 overexpression correlates with a poor prognosis for cervical cancer patients. Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 2, 219-225. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2013.225
MLA
Liu, W., Shibata, K., Koya, Y., Kajiyama, H., Senga, T., Yamasitha, M., Kikkawa, F."B7‑H4 overexpression correlates with a poor prognosis for cervical cancer patients". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 2.2 (2014): 219-225.
Chicago
Liu, W., Shibata, K., Koya, Y., Kajiyama, H., Senga, T., Yamasitha, M., Kikkawa, F."B7‑H4 overexpression correlates with a poor prognosis for cervical cancer patients". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 2, no. 2 (2014): 219-225. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2013.225