Hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy with gemcitabine and 5‑fluorouracil or oral S‑1 improves the prognosis of patients with postoperative liver metastases from pancreatic cancer

  • Authors:
    • Hidehiro Tajima
    • Hirohisa Kitagawa
    • Tomoya Tsukada
    • Koichi Okamoto
    • Shin‑Ichi Nakanuma
    • Seisho Sakai
    • Isamu Makino
    • Hiroyuki Furukawa
    • Hironori Hayashi
    • Katsunobu Oyama
    • Masafumi Inokuchi
    • Hisatoshi Nakagawara
    • Tomoharu Miyashita
    • Hiroshi Itoh
    • Hideto Fujita
    • Hiroyuki Takamura
    • Itasu Ninomiya
    • Sachio Fushida
    • Takashi Fujimura
    • Tetsuo Ohta
    • Wataru Koda
    • Tetsuya Minami
    • Yasuji Ryu
    • Junichiro Sanada
    • Toshifumi Gabata
    • Osamu Matsui
    • Yoshimichi Sai
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 23, 2013     https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2013.152
  • Pages: 869-874
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Abstract

Hepatic metastasis is a common cause of treatment failure following resection of pancreatic cancer. In this study, we report our results of hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) chemotherapy with gemcitabine (GEM) plus 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) or oral S‑1 treatment for postoperative liver metastases from pancreatic cancer. Seven patients with postoperative liver metastases from pancreatic cancer received HAI with GEM plus 5‑FU or oral S‑1 between October, 2008 and September, 2010 at Kanazawa University Hospital (Kanazawa, Japan). Three out of the 7 cases exhibited a partial response (PR) according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) and stable disease (SD) was achieved in 3 out of the 7 cases (response rate, 85.7%). A decrease in serum tumor marker CA 19‑9 levels was observed after 10 HAI treatment cycles in 5 out of the 7 cases. The median time to treatment failure was 8 months (range, 0‑17 months). Adverse events inluded grade 3 leukocytopenia in 1 case and anemia in all 7 cases, although 5 out of the 7 patients were anemic prior to HAI therapy. Grade 2 thrombocytopenia was also observed in 2 cases. Non‑hematological events, such as nausea, diarrhea, liver injury or neuropathy and life‑threatening toxicities were not reported; however, 6 patients (85.7%) developed catheter‑related complications and the HAI catheter and subcutaneous implantable port system had to be removed. These findings demonstrated that HAI may deliver high doses of chemotherapeutic agents directly into the tumor vessels, producing increased regional levels with greater efficacy and a lower incidence/severity of systemic side effects. In conclusion, HAI chemotherapy is a safe and effective treatment for liver metastases from pancreatic cancer.
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September 2013
Volume 1 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 2049-9450
Online ISSN:2049-9469

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APA
Tajima, H., Kitagawa, H., Tsukada, T., Okamoto, K., Nakanuma, S., Sakai, S. ... Sai, Y. (2013). Hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy with gemcitabine and 5‑fluorouracil or oral S‑1 improves the prognosis of patients with postoperative liver metastases from pancreatic cancer. Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 1, 869-874. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2013.152
MLA
Tajima, H., Kitagawa, H., Tsukada, T., Okamoto, K., Nakanuma, S., Sakai, S., Makino, I., Furukawa, H., Hayashi, H., Oyama, K., Inokuchi, M., Nakagawara, H., Miyashita, T., Itoh, H., Fujita, H., Takamura, H., Ninomiya, I., Fushida, S., Fujimura, T., Ohta, T., Koda, W., Minami, T., Ryu, Y., Sanada, J., Gabata, T., Matsui, O., Sai, Y."Hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy with gemcitabine and 5‑fluorouracil or oral S‑1 improves the prognosis of patients with postoperative liver metastases from pancreatic cancer". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 1.5 (2013): 869-874.
Chicago
Tajima, H., Kitagawa, H., Tsukada, T., Okamoto, K., Nakanuma, S., Sakai, S., Makino, I., Furukawa, H., Hayashi, H., Oyama, K., Inokuchi, M., Nakagawara, H., Miyashita, T., Itoh, H., Fujita, H., Takamura, H., Ninomiya, I., Fushida, S., Fujimura, T., Ohta, T., Koda, W., Minami, T., Ryu, Y., Sanada, J., Gabata, T., Matsui, O., Sai, Y."Hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy with gemcitabine and 5‑fluorouracil or oral S‑1 improves the prognosis of patients with postoperative liver metastases from pancreatic cancer". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 1, no. 5 (2013): 869-874. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2013.152