Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by esophagectomy vs. surgery alone in the treatment of resectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

  • Authors:
    • Yoshinori Fujiwara
    • Reigetsu Yoshikawa
    • Norihiko Kamikonya
    • Tsuyoshi Nakayama
    • Kotaro Kitani
    • Masanori Tsujie
    • Masao Yukawa
    • Johji Hara
    • Takehira Yamamura
    • Masatoshi Inoue
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: May 21, 2013     https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2013.128
  • Pages: 773-779
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Abstract

In order to improve the survival of esophageal cancer patients, a trimodality therapy consisting of esophagectomy in combination with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) has been developed. In this study, we evaluated whether neoadjuvant CRT improved the outcomes of patients with resectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) compared to surgery alone. Eighty‑eight patients with resectable ESCC were treated with either neoadjuvant CRT followed by surgical resection (Group A, n=52), or surgery alone (Group B, n=36). CRT consisted of 5‑fluorouracil (5‑FU, 500 mg/m2 on days 1‑5) and cisplatin (CDDP, 10‑20 mg/kg body weight on days 1‑5), repeated after 3 weeks. Survival analysis was performed using the log‑rank test with the Kaplan‑Meier method. The clinical response of the primary tumor and metastatic nodes was 80.8%. The postoperative complications profile was similar between the two groups, except for anastomotic leakage. The median survival time (MST) was not reached in Group A and was 27.4 months in Group B. The estimated 5‑year overall survival (OS) rate was 50.3% in Group A and 39.9% in Group B (P=0.134). As regards stage II̸III disease, Group A exhibited a better disease‑free survival (DFS) compared to Group B (5‑year DFS: 57.2% in Group A vs. 31.4% in Group B; P=0.025). Simultaneous locoregional and distant recurrences were more common in the surgery alone group (Group B, P=0.047). Neoadjuvant CRT with 5‑FU and CDDP did not contribute to a better prognosis in patients with resectable ESCC. However, it may be beneficial for patients with stage II̸III disease.
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July 2013
Volume 1 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 2049-9450
Online ISSN:2049-9469

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APA
Fujiwara, Y., Yoshikawa, R., Kamikonya, N., Nakayama, T., Kitani, K., Tsujie, M. ... Inoue, M. (2013). Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by esophagectomy vs. surgery alone in the treatment of resectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 1, 773-779. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2013.128
MLA
Fujiwara, Y., Yoshikawa, R., Kamikonya, N., Nakayama, T., Kitani, K., Tsujie, M., Yukawa, M., Hara, J., Yamamura, T., Inoue, M."Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by esophagectomy vs. surgery alone in the treatment of resectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 1.4 (2013): 773-779.
Chicago
Fujiwara, Y., Yoshikawa, R., Kamikonya, N., Nakayama, T., Kitani, K., Tsujie, M., Yukawa, M., Hara, J., Yamamura, T., Inoue, M."Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by esophagectomy vs. surgery alone in the treatment of resectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 1, no. 4 (2013): 773-779. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2013.128