Prognostic significance of isolated tumor cells in patients with colorectal cancer in recent 10-year studies (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Yoshito Akagi
    • Tetsushi Kinugasa
    • Yosuke Adachi
    • Kazuo Shirouzu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: May 9, 2013     https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2013.116
  • Pages: 582-592
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Abstract

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) that detach from the primary tumor and move into the circulation are detected in patients with metastatic cancer. The discovery of such cancer cells has been used as a predictor of recurrence and prognosis, although a consensus regarding such applications has not been reached. Peritoneal cytology may be used for identifying high risk of recurrence or mortality, whereas the intraoperative presence of tumor cells in drainage veins, bone marrow, or the liver is not always useful for evaluating the prognosis. The reported positive rate for tumor cells in the peripheral blood of patients with colorectal cancer, including metastasis, has varied from 10 to 80%; however, numerous studies have demonstrated significant differences in the recurrence and mortality rates between patients with and without isolated tumor cells (ITCs) in the peripheral blood. However, the clinical significance of CTCs as an absolute prognostic factor has not been elucidated, since the measurement methodologies and/or the number of cases differed between the studies. Future prospective studies including larger patient populations may elucidate the utility of routine detection of ITCs in daily practice.
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July 2013
Volume 1 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 2049-9450
Online ISSN:2049-9469

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APA
Akagi, Y., Kinugasa, T., Adachi, Y., & Shirouzu, K. (2013). Prognostic significance of isolated tumor cells in patients with colorectal cancer in recent 10-year studies (Review). Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 1, 582-592. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2013.116
MLA
Akagi, Y., Kinugasa, T., Adachi, Y., Shirouzu, K."Prognostic significance of isolated tumor cells in patients with colorectal cancer in recent 10-year studies (Review)". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 1.4 (2013): 582-592.
Chicago
Akagi, Y., Kinugasa, T., Adachi, Y., Shirouzu, K."Prognostic significance of isolated tumor cells in patients with colorectal cancer in recent 10-year studies (Review)". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 1, no. 4 (2013): 582-592. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2013.116