Preponderance of cells with stem cell characteristics in metastasising mouse mammary tumours induced by deregulated EphB4 and ephrin-B2 expression

  • Authors:
    • Philip Kaenel
    • Caroline Schwab
    • Kathrin Mülchi
    • Carlos Wotzkow
    • Anne-Catherine Andres
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: January 1, 2011     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo_00000834
  • Pages: 151-160
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Abstract

We have previously shown that EphB4 and ephrin-B2 are differentially expressed in the mammary gland and that their deregulated expression in the mammary epithelium of transgenic mice leads to perturbations of the mammary parenchyma and vasculature. In addition, overexpression of EphB4 and expression of a truncated ephrin-B2 mutant, capable of receptor stimulation but incapable of reverse signalling, confers a metastasising phenotype on NeuT initiated mouse mammary tumours. We have taken advantage of this transgenic tumour model to compare stem cell characteristics between the non-metastasising and metastasising mammary tumours. We analysed the expression of the proliferation attenuating p21waf gene, which was significantly increased in the metastasising tumours. Moreover, we compared the expression of CK-19, Sca-1, CD24 and CD49f as markers for progenitor cells exhibiting a decreasing differentiation grade. Sca-1 expressing cells were the earliest progenitors detected in the non-metastasising NeuT induced tumours. The metastasising NeuT/EphB4 tumours were enriched in CD24 expressing cells, whereas the metastasising NeuT/truncated ephrin-B2 tumours contained in addition significant amounts of CD49f expressing cells. The same cell populations were also enriched in mammary glands of single transgenic MMTV-EphB4 and MMTV-truncated ephrin-B2 females indicating that deregulated EphB4-ephrin-B2 signalling interferes with the homeostasis of the stem/progenitor cell pool before tumour formation is initiated. Since the same cell populations are enriched in the normal tissue, primary mammary tumours and metastases we conclude that these progenitor cells were the origin of tumour formation and that this change in the tumour origin has led to the acquisition of the metastatic tumour phenotype.

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January 2011
Volume 38 Issue 1

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Kaenel, P., Schwab, C., Mülchi, K., Wotzkow, C., & Andres, A. (2011). Preponderance of cells with stem cell characteristics in metastasising mouse mammary tumours induced by deregulated EphB4 and ephrin-B2 expression. International Journal of Oncology, 38, 151-160. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo_00000834
MLA
Kaenel, P., Schwab, C., Mülchi, K., Wotzkow, C., Andres, A."Preponderance of cells with stem cell characteristics in metastasising mouse mammary tumours induced by deregulated EphB4 and ephrin-B2 expression". International Journal of Oncology 38.1 (2011): 151-160.
Chicago
Kaenel, P., Schwab, C., Mülchi, K., Wotzkow, C., Andres, A."Preponderance of cells with stem cell characteristics in metastasising mouse mammary tumours induced by deregulated EphB4 and ephrin-B2 expression". International Journal of Oncology 38, no. 1 (2011): 151-160. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo_00000834