Expression of interleukin-11 (IL-11) and IL-11 receptor α in human gastric carcinoma and IL-11 upregulates the invasive activity of human gastric carcinoma cells

  • Authors:
    • Toshiyuki Nakayama
    • Ayumi Yoshizaki
    • Seiya Izumida
    • Tomoyuki Suehiro
    • Shiro Miura
    • Takashi Uemura
    • Yuichi Yakata
    • Kazuko Shichijo
    • Shunichi Yamashita
    • Ichiro Sekin
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: April 1, 2007     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.30.4.825
  • Pages: 825-833
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Abstract

Previous investigations have shown that interleukin-11 (IL-11) and the IL-11 receptor (IL-11R) have been correlated with the regulation of tumor progression, cellular growth and differentiation in several malignant tumors. The objectives of this study were to clarify the role of IL-11 and IL-11Rα in human gastric carcinoma. IL-11 and IL-11Rα were studied in 73 cases of surgically resected human gastric adenocarcinomas by immunohistochemistry. The invasive activity and cell signaling pathway of gastric carcinoma cell lines were also examined. Among the 73 cases of adenocarcinoma, 53 (72.6%) and 47 cases (64.4%) showed positive staining in carcinoma cells for the IL-11 and IL-11Rα proteins, respectively. Histologically, IL-11 expression correlated only with Lauren's classification (p<0.05). The expression of IL-11Rα correlated with the grade of tumor invasion (p<0.05) and vessel infiltration (p<0.01). All of the four gastric carcinoma cell lines expressed both IL-11 and IL-11Rα proteins in western blot analysis. Recombinant human IL-11 (rhIL-11) promoted the migration of SCH cells by the activation of the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase pathway. Wortmannin diminished the promotion of chemotactic motility and invasive activity by rhIL-11. These findings suggest that the IL-11/IL-11R pathway plays an important role in the progression and the differentiation of human gastric carcinomas.

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April 2007
Volume 30 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Nakayama, T., Yoshizaki, A., Izumida, S., Suehiro, T., Miura, S., Uemura, T. ... Sekin, I. (2007). Expression of interleukin-11 (IL-11) and IL-11 receptor α in human gastric carcinoma and IL-11 upregulates the invasive activity of human gastric carcinoma cells. International Journal of Oncology, 30, 825-833. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.30.4.825
MLA
Nakayama, T., Yoshizaki, A., Izumida, S., Suehiro, T., Miura, S., Uemura, T., Yakata, Y., Shichijo, K., Yamashita, S., Sekin, I."Expression of interleukin-11 (IL-11) and IL-11 receptor α in human gastric carcinoma and IL-11 upregulates the invasive activity of human gastric carcinoma cells". International Journal of Oncology 30.4 (2007): 825-833.
Chicago
Nakayama, T., Yoshizaki, A., Izumida, S., Suehiro, T., Miura, S., Uemura, T., Yakata, Y., Shichijo, K., Yamashita, S., Sekin, I."Expression of interleukin-11 (IL-11) and IL-11 receptor α in human gastric carcinoma and IL-11 upregulates the invasive activity of human gastric carcinoma cells". International Journal of Oncology 30, no. 4 (2007): 825-833. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.30.4.825