The balanced induction of K-ras codon 12 and 13 mutations in mucosa differs from their ratio in neoplastic tissues

  • Authors:
    • Magdalena C. Kraus
    • Matthias H. Seelig
    • Ulrich Linnemann
    • Martin R. Berger
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: October 1, 2006     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.29.4.957
  • Pages: 957-964
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the ratio of K-ras codon 12 and 13 mutations in various tissues of colorectal cancer patients. Multiple samples of inconspicuous mucosa and a sample of carcinoma tissue were taken from 36 colorectal cancer patients (group I) and these results were compared with those from polyp and carcinoma tissues of another 48 colorectal cancer patients (group II). A polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay was used to detect the respective point mutations. The results of this assay were complemented by sequencing the K-ras mutations. In mucosa tissue, the ratio of codon 12 and 13 mutations was nearly equal (0.9:1) whereas the respective ratio in tumour tissue showed a strong preponderance of K-ras codon 12 mutations (14:1, p=0.004). In polyp tissue of patients from group II, the ratio was 2.7:1 and that in carcinomas was 19:1 (p=0.053). The prevalence of both types of mutation was 14.6% in all mucosa samples, corresponding to 30.6% of group I patients. The K-ras mutation rate in carcinoma tissue of the same patients was 38.9%. Similarly, 33.4% of all polyp and 41.7% of all carcinoma samples from group II harboured K-ras codon 12 and/or 13 mutations. Sequencing confirmed 59 of 60 K-ras codon 12 mutations, but due to the detection limit for sequencing (1:104) only 10 of 20 K-ras codon 13 mutations were confirmed. It is concluded that after balanced induction K-ras codon 12 mutations increase in frequency relative to K-ras codon 13 mutations during tumour progression.

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October 2006
Volume 29 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Kraus, M.C., Seelig, M.H., Linnemann, U., & Berger, M.R. (2006). The balanced induction of K-ras codon 12 and 13 mutations in mucosa differs from their ratio in neoplastic tissues. International Journal of Oncology, 29, 957-964. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.29.4.957
MLA
Kraus, M. C., Seelig, M. H., Linnemann, U., Berger, M. R."The balanced induction of K-ras codon 12 and 13 mutations in mucosa differs from their ratio in neoplastic tissues". International Journal of Oncology 29.4 (2006): 957-964.
Chicago
Kraus, M. C., Seelig, M. H., Linnemann, U., Berger, M. R."The balanced induction of K-ras codon 12 and 13 mutations in mucosa differs from their ratio in neoplastic tissues". International Journal of Oncology 29, no. 4 (2006): 957-964. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.29.4.957