The effects of ZD1839 (Iressa), a highly selective EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, as a radiosensitiser in bile duct carcinoma cell lines

  • Authors:
    • Hideki Miyata
    • Tamito Sasaki
    • Kenichi Kuwahara
    • Masahiro Serikawa
    • Kazuaki Chayama
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: April 1, 2006     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.28.4.915
  • Pages: 915-921
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Abstract

The signaling pathway that is initiated by binding of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and results in sustained signaling through PI3K plays an important role in a tumor's response to ionizing radiation. The current in vitro study explored both the effects of ZD1839 (Iressa), a highly selective EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, as a radiosensitiser for bile duct carcinoma cell lines and ZD1839's general effects on cell growth in the same two lines. Secondly, we ensured suppression of radiation-induced phosphorylation of EGFR by ZD1839 using an immunoprecipitation technique. Furthermore, we examined radiation-induced phosphorylation of ERK, p38, JNK, and AKT with or without inhibitor with use of Western blot techniques and performed clonogenic assays to confirm radiosensitivity in the presence of a drug. ZD1839 inhibited cell growth of both cell lines and suppressed radiation-induced phosphorylation of EGFR. After exposure to radiation, there was an increase in phosphorylation of AKT as shown by Western blot. Treatment with either ZD1839 or LY294002 (the latter, a PI3K inhibitor) suppressed phosphorylation of AKT by Western blot. Both ZD1839 and LY294002 significantly suppressed colony formation by clonogenic assay; however, U0126 (a MEK1/2 inhibitor), SB203580 (a p38 inhibitor), and SP600125 (a JNK inhibitor) had no effect on colony formation. These results suggest that AKT may be a useful target molecule for enhancement of radiotherapy effect and that ZD1839 may have an important role in combination with radiotherapy for patients with bile duct carcinoma.

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April 2006
Volume 28 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Miyata, H., Sasaki, T., Kuwahara, K., Serikawa, M., & Chayama, K. (2006). The effects of ZD1839 (Iressa), a highly selective EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, as a radiosensitiser in bile duct carcinoma cell lines. International Journal of Oncology, 28, 915-921. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.28.4.915
MLA
Miyata, H., Sasaki, T., Kuwahara, K., Serikawa, M., Chayama, K."The effects of ZD1839 (Iressa), a highly selective EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, as a radiosensitiser in bile duct carcinoma cell lines". International Journal of Oncology 28.4 (2006): 915-921.
Chicago
Miyata, H., Sasaki, T., Kuwahara, K., Serikawa, M., Chayama, K."The effects of ZD1839 (Iressa), a highly selective EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, as a radiosensitiser in bile duct carcinoma cell lines". International Journal of Oncology 28, no. 4 (2006): 915-921. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.28.4.915