Up-regulation of hnRNP A1 gene in sporadic human colorectal cancers

  • Authors:
    • Mitsunori Ushigome
    • Tsuneyuki Ubagai
    • Hirokazu Fukuda
    • Naoto Tsuchiya
    • Takashi Sugimura
    • Jun Takatsuka
    • Hitoshi Nakagama
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: March 1, 2005     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.26.3.635
  • Pages: 635-640
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Abstract

We have previously reported that the heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 (hnRNP A1), a major hnRNP, binds to G-rich repetitive sequences and quadruplex (G4') structures in DNA, including the 5'-TTAGGG-3' telomere repeat and 5'-GGCAG-3' short-tandem-repeat. DNA synthesis arrest at the (GGG) sites within these repeats in vitro was retrieved by the addition of the hnRNP A1 protein or its N-terminal proteolytic product, UP1, in a dose-dependent manner. Therefore, functional perturbation of hnRNP A1 may abrogate the genomic stability of telomere repeats and other G-rich sequences, independent of its major role in transcriptional and translational regulation. In the present study, we conducted genetic and expression analysis of the hnRNP A1 gene in sporadic human colorectal cancers to clarify its possible involvement in human carcinogenesis. Of 30 lesions, one harbored a mutation at the -11 position from the translation initiation site, but none in the coding region. A single nucleotide polymorphism, an A or G-allele, was found in the 5' upstream promoter region of the gene. Quantitative gene expression analysis revealed that 60% (18/30) of cases showed over-expression of hnRNP A1 in cancer tissues by 2-fold or greater, compared to their normal colon tussues, with values of 78, 64 and 40% for clinicopathological stages II, III and IV, respectively. Although the biological consequences of hnRNP A1 overexpression in colorectal cancers remain to be clarified, it could contribute to maintenance of telomere repeats in cancer cells with enhanced cell proliferation. Alternatively, since the variations in the stoichiometry of hnRNP family proteins are considered to affect cell-specific gene expression, quantitative alteration of hnRNP A1 could result in facilitation of transformation of colon epithelial cells as a consequence of transcriptional and translational perturbation.

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March 2005
Volume 26 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Ushigome, M., Ubagai, T., Fukuda, H., Tsuchiya, N., Sugimura, T., Takatsuka, J., & Nakagama, H. (2005). Up-regulation of hnRNP A1 gene in sporadic human colorectal cancers. International Journal of Oncology, 26, 635-640. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.26.3.635
MLA
Ushigome, M., Ubagai, T., Fukuda, H., Tsuchiya, N., Sugimura, T., Takatsuka, J., Nakagama, H."Up-regulation of hnRNP A1 gene in sporadic human colorectal cancers". International Journal of Oncology 26.3 (2005): 635-640.
Chicago
Ushigome, M., Ubagai, T., Fukuda, H., Tsuchiya, N., Sugimura, T., Takatsuka, J., Nakagama, H."Up-regulation of hnRNP A1 gene in sporadic human colorectal cancers". International Journal of Oncology 26, no. 3 (2005): 635-640. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.26.3.635