Molecular cytogenetic characterization shows higher genetic homogeneity in conventional renal cell carcinoma compared to other kidney cancers.
- Andrei Alimov
- Birgitta Sundelin
- Ulf Bergerheim
- Maxim Pavlenko
- Pavel Pisa
- Anders Zetterberg
- Catharina Larsson
- Svetlana Lagercrantz
Affiliations: Department of Molecular Medicine, CMM L8:01, Karolinska Hospital, SE-171 76 Stockholm.
- Published online on: October 1, 2004 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.25.4.955
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In this study seven primary kidney tumors out of 13 were cytogenetically characterized by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) on the surgical specimens as well as by spectral karyotyping (SKY) analysis after short-term culturing. In two of the seven cases only a normal karyotype was identified. Non-clonal aberrations were observed in four of the seven cases. Overall numerical alterations were more frequent than structural changes. The two structural alterations identified constituted of a deletion of the short arm of chromosome 3 in a conventional renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and a ring chromosome derived from chromosome 8 in a papillary RCC. By CGH gains of copy number were revealed on chromosomes 3, 5, 7, 8q, and 20, while the losses encompassed 3p and 17p. In the papillary RCCs only gains were found. Comparison between SKY and CGH data suggests that the conventional RCCs are genetically more homogeneous than the other types of kidney cancer. In the two papillary RCCs, trisomies of chromosomes 7 and 17 were typical findings. In the transitional cell carcinoma different findings by CGH and SKY would suggest that these tumors constitute a heterogeneous population of tumor cells which could represent different steps of somatic evolution of tumors.